Pattern Obsession and Music Weaving

User Supported        

(This is a very large page and the links below to the sections do not all work until the page is fully loaded. Scrolling works right away.)

Learning Scales

Introductory Scales

Chromatic Scale Open Position

E Minor pentatonic scale in open position

A Minor Pentatonic in Open Position

G/Em Scale Open Position

C/Am Open Position

D/Bm Open Position

Chromatic Scale Moveable

G in Locrean Position

D in Phrygian Position

A in Open Position

A in Aeolian Position

C in Lydian Position

E in Open Position

E in Dorian Position

B in Open Position

B in Mixolydian Position

F in Open Position

F in Ionian Position (Major)

G in Ionian Position

G in Dorian Position

G in Phrygian Position

G in Lydian Position

G in Mixolydian Position

G Scale Full Pattern

F# Open Position

F# Locrean Position

F#/Gb Full Pattern

Bb Full Pattern

Bb Open Position

Bb Mixolydian Position

Eb Full Pattern

Eb Open Position

Eb Dorian Position

Ab Full Pattern

Ab Open Position

Ab Aeolian Position (F Minor)

Db Full Pattern

Db Phrygian Position

Variations on the Basic Modes

Efficiency Scales

Three Note Efficiency Scales

Open Position

Picking Patterns

Three-note Efficiency Patterns

Locrean Position

Ionian Position

Dorian Position

Phrygian Position

Lydian Position

Mixolydian Position

Aolean Position

Pentatonic Scales

G Full Pattern

G Open Position

G Locrean Position

G Ionian Position

G Dorian Position

G Phrygian Position

G Lydian Position

G Mixolydian Position

G Aeolian Position

Pentatonic Variations

Two Fret Scales in G Pentatonic

Two Fret Two Note Efficiency Patterns in G

Three Fret Two Note Efficiency Patterns in G

Other Keys Full Pentatonic Patterns

Gb

F

E

Eb

D

Db

C

B

Bb

A

Ab

Open Position Pentatonic Scales In Other Keys

Gb

F

E

Eb

D

Db

C

B

Bb

A

Ab

Harmonic Minor

E Harmonic Minor (Relative to G) Full Pattern

E Harmonic Minor Open Position

E Harmonic Minor G Locrean Position

E Harmonic Minor G Ionian Position

E Harmonic Minor G Dorian Position

E Harmonic Minor G Phrygian Position

E Harmonic Minor G Lydian Position

E Harmonic Minor G Mixolydian Position

E Harmonic Minor G Aeolian Position

Eb Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

Eb Harmonic Minor Open Position

D Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

D Harmonic Minor Open Position

Db Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

Db Harmonic Minor Open Position

C Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

C Harmonic Minor Open Position

B Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

B Harmonic Minor Open Position

Bb Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

Bb Harmonic Minor Open Position

A Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

A Harmonic Minor Open Position

Ab Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

Ab Harmonic Minor Open Position

G Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

G Harmonic Minor Open Position

Gb Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

Gb Harmonic Minor Open Position

F Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

F Harmonic Minor Open Position

Melodic Minor

E Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

E Melodic Minor Open Position

E Melodic Minor G Locrean Position

E Melodic Minor G Ionian Position

E Melodic Minor G Dorian Position

E Melodic Minor G Phrygian Position

E Melodic Minor G Lydian Position

E Melodic Minor G Mixolydian Position

E Melodic Minor G Aeolian Position

Eb Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

Eb Melodic Minor Open Position

D Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

D Melodic Minor Open Position

Db Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

Db Melodic Minor Open Position

C Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

C Melodic Minor Open Position

B Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

B Melodic Minor Open Position

Bb Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

Bb Melodic Minor Open Position

A Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

A Melodic Minor Open Position

Ab Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

Ab Melodic Minor Open Position

G Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

G Melodic Minor Open Position

Gb Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

Gb Melodic Minor Open Position

F Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

F Melodic Minor Open Position

Position Shifting

Single String Vertical Scales

Single String Shift Exercise

Modal Scales with Shifts in G

Distilled Scale

Dr. Dick's Endless Scale Distilled

dellitsiD elacS sseldnE s'kciD .rD

Four Note Efficiency Scales

Shifts on Other Fingers

Symmetrical Scales

Whole Tone

Full Pattern #1

Full Pattern #2

Open Position #1

Open Position #2

Vertical Whole Tone Scales

Moveable

Efficiency Style 3 Octave

Two Finger Efficiency Style

Octatonic Scale

Octatonic Full Pattern #1

Octatonic Full Pattern #2

Octatonic Full Pattern #3

Vertical Versions

Octatonic Open Position #1

Octatonic Open Position #2

Octatonic Open Position #3

Octatonic Moveable #1

Octatonic Moveable #2

Octatonic Efficiency Style

Parallel Scales

Parallel Moveable Mode Scales in G

G Ionian (Major)

G Dorian

G Phrygian

G Lydian

G Mixolydian

G Aolean (Minor)

G Locrean

Modal Equivalents Based on Harmonic Minor

G Ionian #5

G Dorian #4

G Phrygian3

G Lydian #2

G Diminished Scale

G Harmonic Minor

G Locrean b7

Modal Equivalents Based on Melodic Minor Ascending

G Ionian #5 #4 Ascending

G Dorian #43 Ascending

G Phrygian 3#2 Ascending

G Half Diminished 4 Ascending Scale

G Half Diminished Ascending Scale

G Melodic Minor

Locrean b7#5 Ascending

Borrowed Notes

Chromatic Passing Tones

Efficiency Additions

Dorian Position With an Added Chromatic Tone

Phrygian Position With an Added Chromatic Tone

Lydian Position With an Added Chromatic Tone

Mixolydian Position With an Added Chromatic Tone

Locrean Position With an Added Chromatic Tone

Other Scales

Scales Conclusion

Learning Scales

 

Scales are the essential building block or harmonies and melodies. Knowing the scales cold in all keys is essential to mastery of the guitar.

Introductory Scales

 

First, learn the chromatic scale in the open position, establishing fingerings for the open position scales. Play the scale up and down using a metronome, slowly at first. For all scales, do not proceed to the next scale until the scale is on tempo, with clean notes, with a relaxed left hand, and with no extraneous finger movement.

 

Chromatic Scale Open Position

 

e-------------------------------------------------0-1-2-3-4-

b---------------------------------------0-1-2-3-4-----------

g-------------------------------0-1-2-3---------------------

d---------------------0-1-2-3-4-----------------------------

a-----------0-1-2-3-4---------------------------------------

e-0-1-2-3-4-------------------------------------------------

 

Then establish the

E Minor pentatonic scale in open position.

 

e-----------------------------o-3-

b-----------------------o-3-------

g-------------------o-2-----------

d-------------o-2-----------------

a-------o-2-----------------------

e-o-3-----------------------------

 

The E minor pentatonic scale and the G pentatonic scale share the same notes, with the G pentatonic having G as to the root tone rather than E. The major pentatonic and relative minor pentatonic are interchangeable for the purpose of this learning process, so identify the scales by either or both labels. For example the C pentatonic scale also contains

A Minor Pentatonic in Open Position

 

e-----------------------------o-3-

b------------------------1-3------

g-------------------o-2-----------

d-------------o-2-----------------

a-------o-3-----------------------

e-o-3-----------------------------

 

After mastering these two scales ascending and descending with a metronome at a steady beat, fill in the rest of the chord tones. The major root note G is bold.

 

G/Em Scale Open Position

 

e-----------------------------o-2-3

b-----------------------o-1-3------

g-------------------o-2------------

d-------------o-2-4----------------

a-------o-2-3----------------------

e-o-2-3----------------------------

 

e-3-2-o----------------------------

b------3-1-o-----------------------

g------------2-o-------------------

d-----------------4-2-o------------

a----------------------3-2-o-------

e-----------------------------3-2-o

 

C/Am Open Position

 

Then fill in the notes for the C scale in open position

 

C

e-----------------------------0-1-3-

b-----------------------0-1-3-------

g-------------------0-2-------------

d-------------0-2-3-----------------

a-------0-2-3-----------------------

e-0-1-3-----------------------------

 

e-3-1-0-----------------------------

b-------3-1-0-----------------------

g-------------2-0-------------------

d-----------------3-2-0-------------

a-----------------------3-2-0-------

e-----------------------------3-1-0-

 

And then the last of the basic three scales for guitar is

D/Bm Open Position

 

e-----------------------------o-2-3-

b-----------------------o-2-3-------

g-------------------o-2-------------

d-------------o-2-4-----------------

a-------o-2-4-----------------------

e-o-2-3-----------------------------

 

e-3-2-o-----------------------------

b-------3-2-o-----------------------

g-------------2-o-------------------

d-----------------4-2-o-------------

a-----------------------4-2-o-------

e-----------------------------3-2-o-

 

Chromatic Scale Moveable

Before moving on to the other keys, begin exploring the patterns just up the neck of the guitar. Start by getting used to playing up the neck with the moveable version of the chromatic scale.

 

e-----------------------------------------1-2-3-4-

b---------------------------------2-3-4-5---------

g-------------------------2-3-4-5-----------------

d-----------------3-4-5-6-------------------------

a---------4-5-6-7---------------------------------

e-5-6-7-8-----------------------------------------

 

Then start learning the moveable versions of the scales, which can move anywhere on the Fretboard above the open positions. For example, the notes of the G scale up the neck including the fourth and fifth frets include

 

e-o-2-3-5-

b-o-1-3-5-

g-o-2-4-5-

d-o-2-4-5-

a-o-2-3-5-

e-o-2-3-5-

 

G in Locrean Position

 

Instead of playing the scales in the open position, move the left hand into the second position, with the first finger at the second fret.

 

e-----------------------------2-3-5

b-------------------------3-5------

g-------------------2-4-5----------

d-------------2-4-5----------------

a-------2-3-5----------------------

e-2-3-5----------------------------

 

e-5-3-2----------------------------

b-------5-3------------------------

g-----------5-4-2------------------

d-----------------5-4-2------------

a-----------------------5-3-2------

e-----------------------------5-3-2

 

The technical name for this scale is F# Locrean, with F# Locrean containing all the notes of the G major scale, but starting on the seventh scale degree. For comparison purposes this document will refer to the F# Locrean scale as the G scale in the Locrean position (see the music theory document for a full explanation of the Greek modes).

 

Since this scale has no notes on open strings, it can move up the neck to transpose into any key.

 

D in Phrygian Position

 

The D scale in second position is the Phrygian position since the third scale degree is the lowest note. (Technically the F# Phrygian scale)

 

e-----------------------------2-3-5-

b-----------------------2-3-5-------

g-------------------2-4-------------

d-------------2-4-5-----------------

a-------2-4-5-----------------------

e-2-3-5-----------------------------

 

e-5-3-2-----------------------------

b-------5-3-2-----------------------

g-------------4-2-------------------

d-----------------5-4-2-------------

a-----------------------5-4-2-------

e-----------------------------5-3-2-

 

A in Open Position

The next moveable form to learn would be relative to the A scale. A moves from the open position into the Aeolian position (F# Aeolian or F# Minor), with the F3 as the lowest note.

 

A A to Aeolian

e-----------------------------o-2-4- e-o- /2-4-5

b-----------------------o-2-3------- b-o- /2-3-5

g-------------------1-2------------- g-1- /2-4-

d-------------o-2-4----------------- d-o- /2-4-6

a-------o-2-4----------------------- a-o- /2-4-5

e-o-2-4----------------------------- e-o- /2-4-5

 

e-4-2-o-----------------------------

b-------3-2-o-----------------------

g-------------2-1-------------------

d-----------------4-2-o-------------

a-----------------------4-2-o-------

e-----------------------------4-2-o-

 

A in Aeolian Position

 

e-----------------------------2-4-5-

b-----------------------2-3-5-------

g-------------------2-4-------------

d-------------2-4-6-----------------

a-------2-4-5-----------------------

e-2-4-5-----------------------------

 

e-5-4-2-----------------------------

b-------5-3-2-----------------------

g-------------4-2-------------------

d-----------------6-4-2-------------

a-----------------------5-4-2-------

e-----------------------------5-4-2-

 

C in Lydian Position

Since the C scale does not contain F#, the appropriate shift is to the first position, C in Lydian Position (F Lydian).

e-----------------------------1-3-5-

b-----------------------1-3-5------

g-------------------2-4------------

d-------------2-3-5----------------

a-------2-3-5----------------------

e-1-3-5----------------------------

 

e-5-3-1-----------------------------

b-------5-3-1-----------------------

g-------------4-2-------------------

d-----------------5-3-2-------------

a-----------------------5-3-2-------

e-----------------------------5-3-1-

 

The Next scale to learn is E, which is in the Dorian position shifted to the second fret (F# Dorian).

 

E in Open Position

E to Dorian

e-----------------------------o-2-4- e-o-/2-4-5

b-----------------------o-2-4------- b-o-/2-4-5

g-------------------1-2------------- g-1-/2-4-

d-------------1-2-4----------------- d-1-/2-4-6

a-------o-2-4----------------------- a-o-/2-4-6

e-o-2-4----------------------------- e-o-/2-4-5

 

e-4-2-o-----------------------------

b-------4-2-o-----------------------

g-------------2-1-------------------

d-----------------4-2-1-------------

a-----------------------4-2-o-------

e-----------------------------4-2-o-

 

E in Dorian Position

e-----------------------------2-4-5-

b------------------------2-4-5------

g--------------------2-4------------

d--------------2-4-6----------------

a-------2-4-6----------------------

e-2-4-5----------------------------

 

e-5-4-2-----------------------------

b-------5-4-2-----------------------

g-------------4-2-------------------

d-----------------6-4-2-------------

a-----------------------6-4-2-------

e-----------------------------5-4-2-

 

B in Open Position

The next scale to learn is B, which shifts up to F# Mixolydian Position (F# Mixolydian).

 

B B to Mixolydian

e-----------------------------o-2-4- e-o- /2-4-6

b-----------------------o-2-4------- b-o- /2-4-5

g-------------------1-3------------- g-1- /3-4-

d-------------1-2-4----------------- d-1- /2-4-6

a-------1-2-4----------------------- a-1- /2-4-6

e-o-2-4----------------------------- e-o- /2-4-6

 

e-4-2-o-----------------------------

b-------4-2-o-----------------------

g-------------3-1-------------------

d-----------------4-2-1-------------

a-----------------------4-2-1-------

e-----------------------------4-2-o-

 

B in Mixolydian Position

e-----------------------------2-4-6-

b-----------------------2-4-5-------

g-------------------3-4-------------

d-------------2-4-6-----------------

a-------2-4-6-----------------------

e-2-4-6-----------------------------

 

e-6-4-2-----------------------------

b-------5-4-2-----------------------

g-------------4-3-------------------

d-----------------6-4-2-------------

a-----------------------6-4-2-------

e-----------------------------6-4-2-

 

F in Open Position

The final moveable scale contains the notes of F major. Since like C, F does not contain an F#, the proper shift is up to the first position, the Ionian Position, F Ionian or F Major.

 

F F to Ionian

e-----------------------------o-1-3- e-o-/1-3-5

b-------------------------1-3------- b- -/1-3-5

g-------------------o-2-3----------- g-o-/2-3-

d-------------o-2-3----------------- d-o-/2-3-5

a-------o-1-3----------------------- a-o-/1-3-5

e-o-1-3----------------------------- e-o-/1-3-5

 

e-3-1-o-----------------------------

b-------3-1-------------------------

g-----------3-2-o-------------------

d-----------------3-2-o-------------

a-----------------------3-1-o-------

e-----------------------------3-1-o-

 

F in Ionian Position (Major)

e----------------------------1-3-5-

b-----------------------1-3-5------

g-------------------2-3-----------

d-------------2-3-5----------------

a-------1-3-5----------------------

e-1-3-5----------------------------

 

e-5-3-1-----------------------------

b-------5-3-1-----------------------

g-------------3-2-------------------

d-----------------5-3-2-------------

a-----------------------5-3-1-------

e-----------------------------5-3-1-

 

Now with seven modes of the moveable forms learned, scales on the rest of the fretboard are just repeats of the same patterns. A good exercise is to play the same scale group in all the positions up the fretboard.

 

G in the Ionian position is just the F scale up two frets

G in Ionian Position

 

e-3-5-7

b-3-5-7

g-4-5

d-4-5-7

a-3-5-7

e-3-5-7

 

e-----------------------------3-5-7

b-----------------------3-5-7------

g-------------------4-5-----------

d-------------4-5-7----------------

a-------3-5-7----------------------

e-3-5-7----------------------------

 

e-7-5-3----------------------------

b-------7-5-3----------------------

g-------------5-4------------------

d-----------------7-5-4------------

a-----------------------7-5-3------

e-----------------------------7-5-3

 

In the Dorian position is the Dorian pattern begun on the fifth fret.

G in Dorian Position

 

e-5-7-8

b-5-7-8

g-5-7

d-5-7-9

a-5-7-9

e-5-7-8

 

e-----------------------------5-7-8-

b-----------------------5-7-8-------

g-------------------5-7-------------

d-------------5-7-9-----------------

a-------5-7-9-----------------------

e-5-7-8-----------------------------

 

e-8-7-5-----------------------------

b-------8-7-5-----------------------

g-------------7-5-------------------

d-----------------9-7-5-------------

a-----------------------9-7-5-------

e-----------------------------8-7-5-

 

and up the fretboard.

 

G in Phrygian Position

 

e-7-8-10

b-7-8-10

g-7-9

d-7-9-10

a-7-9-10

e-7-8-10

 

e---------------------------------7-8-10-

b--------------------------7-8-10--------

g----------------------7-9---------------

d---------------7-9-10-------------------

a--------7-9-10--------------------------

e-7-8-10---------------------------------

 

e-10-8-7---------------------------------

b--------10-8-7--------------------------

g---------------9-7----------------------

d-------------------10-9-7---------------

a--------------------------10-9-7--------

e---------------------------------10-8-7-

 

G in Lydian Position

 

e-8-10-12

b-8-10-12

g-9-11

d-9-10-12

a-9-10-12

e-8-10-12

 

e--------------------------------------8-10-12-

b------------------------------8-10-12---------

g-------------------------9-11-----------------

d-----------------9-10-12----------------------

a---------9-10-12------------------------------

e-8-10-12--------------------------------------

 

e-12-10-8--------------------------------------

b---------12-10-8------------------------------

g-----------------11-9-------------------------

d----------------------12-10-9-----------------

a------------------------------12-10-9---------

e--------------------------------------12-10-8-

 

G in Mixolydian Position

 

e-10-12-14

b-10-12-13

g-11-12

d-10-12-14

a-10-12-14

e-10-12-14

 

e-------------------------------------------10-12-14-

b----------------------------------10-12-13----------

g----------------------------11-12-------------------

d-------------------10-12-14-------------------------

a----------10-12-14----------------------------------

e-10-12-14-------------------------------------------

 

e-14-12-10-------------------------------------------

b----------13-12-10----------------------------------

g-------------------12-11----------------------------

d-------------------------14-12-10-------------------

a----------------------------------14-12-10----------

e-------------------------------------------14-12-10-

 

Refer to the document "Modal Scales Relative to G" for a summary of these scales and a number of alternate ways to play them.

 

G Scale Full Pattern

All of the notes of the G scale would look something like

 

e-o-2-3-5-7-8-10-12-14-15-17-19-20-22

b-o-1-3-5-7-8-10-12-13-15-17-19-20-22

g-o-2-4-5-7-9-11-12-14-16-17-19-21-23

d-o-2-4-5-7-9-10-12-14-16-17-19-21-22

a-o-2-3-5-7-9-10-12-14-15-17-19-21-22

e-o-2-3-5-7-8-10-12-14-15-17-19-20-22

 

 

On the fretboard, the G scale would look like

o

o

o

o

o

o

 

 

 

 

1

 

2

2

2

2

 

2

3

3

 

 

3

3

 

 

4

4

 

 

5

5

5

5

5

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

7

7

7

7

7

8

 

 

 

8

8

 

9

9

9

 

 

10

10

10

 

10

10

 

 

 

11

 

 

12

12

12

12

12

12

 

 

 

 

13

 

14

14

14

14

 

14

15

15

 

 

15

15

 

 

16

16

 

 

17

17

17

17

17

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

19

19

19

19

19

20

 

 

 

20

20

 

To ingrain the full G pattern, try the exercise "Scale in G Distilled to Basic Elements." At this point, and scale based on the major modes is within reach anywhere on the fretboard.

Now finish the remaining major scales. The open version of F# is almost the same as the shift up 1 fret to the Locrean position (E# Locrean)

 

F# Open Position F# to Locrean

e-----------------------------1-2-4- e---/1-2-4-

b-----------------------o-2-4------- b-o-/2-4-

g-------------------1-3------------- g---/1-3-4-

d-------------1-3-4----------------- d---/1-3-4-

a-------1-2-4----------------------- a---/1-2-4-

e-1-2-4----------------------------- e---/1-2-4-

 

e-4-2-1-----------------------------

b-------4-2-o-----------------------

g-------------3-1-------------------

d-----------------4-3-1-------------

a-----------------------4-2-1-------

e-----------------------------4-2-1-

 

F# Locrean Position

e-----------------------------1-2-4-

b-------------------------2-4-------

g-------------------1-3-4-----------

d-------------1-3-4-----------------

a-------1-2-4-----------------------

e-1-2-4-----------------------------

 

e-4-2-1-----------------------------

b-------4-2-------------------------

g-----------4-3-1-------------------

d-----------------4-3-1-------------

a-----------------------4-2-1-------

e-----------------------------4-2-1-

 

Notice how F# in this position is the same moveable scale that began this process just slid down the neck one fret. This shows how the moveable forms can slide around anywhere on the neck without open strings.

 

So once in the Locrean mode, playing F# up the neck is easy. F# in second position, the F# Ionian position, is just the G Ionian scale slid a fret down, and all the other patterns fall in order up the neck, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian Mixolydian and Aeolian.

 

F#/Gb Full Pattern

e-1-2-4-6-7-9--11-13-14-16-18-19-21

b-o-2-4-6-7-9--11-12-14-16-18-19-21

g-1-3-4-6-8-10-11-13-15-16-18-20-22

d-1-3-4-6-8-9--11-13-15-16-18-20-21

a-1-2-4-6-8-9--11-13-14-16-18-20-21

e-1-2-4-6-7-9--11-13-14-16-18-19-21

 

For the vertical fretboard view of all the scales, refer to the Vertical Scales Major section of the method.

 

Next is Bb

 

Bb Full Pattern

e-1-3-5-6-8-10-11-13-15-17-18-20-22-23

b-1-3-4-6-8-10-11-13-15-16-18-20-22-23

g-o-2-3-5-7-8--10-12-14-15-17-18-19-21

d-o-1-3-5-7-8--10-12-13-15-17-19-20-21

a-o-1-3-5-6-8--10-12-13-15-17-18-20-21

e-1-3-5-6-8-10-11-13-15-17-18-20-22-23

 

Bb Open Position

 

Bb Bb to Mixolydian

e-----------------------------1-3-5- e- - /1-3-5

b-----------------------1-3-4------- b- - /1-3-4

g-----------------o-2-3------------- g-o- /2-3-

d-----------o-1-3------------------- d-o- /1-3-5

a-----o-1-3------------------------- a-o- /1-3-5

e-1-3------------------------------- e- - /1-3-5

 

e-5-3-1-----------------------------

b-------4-3-1-----------------------

g-------------3-2-o-----------------

d-------------------3-1-o-----------

a-------------------------3-1-o-----

e-------------------------------3-1-

 

Bb Mixolydian Position

e-----------------------------1-3-5-

b-----------------------1-3-4-------

g-------------------2-3-------------

d-------------1-3-5-----------------

a-------1-3-5-----------------------

e-1-3-5-----------------------------

 

e-5-3-1------------------------------

b-------4-3-1------------------------

g-------------3-2--------------------

d-----------------5-3-1--------------

a------------------------5-3-1-------

e------------------------------5-3-1-

 

Further up the neck the Lydian position starts on the fifth fret, followed by Mixolydian, Aeolian, Locrean, Ionian, Dorian, and Phrygian

 

Eb Full Pattern

e-1-3-4-6-8-10-11-13-15-16-18-20-22-23

b-1-3-4-6-8-9--11-13-15-16-18-20-21-23

g-1-3-5-7-8-10-12-13-15-17-19-20-22-23

d-1-3-5-6-8-10-12-13-15-17-18-20-22-24

a-1-3-5-6-8-10-11-13-15-17-18-20-22-23

e-1-3-4-6-8-10-11-13-15-16-18-20-22-23

 

Eb Open Position Eb to Dorian

e-----------------------------1-3-4- e-1-3-4--

b-----------------------1-3-4------- b-1-3-4--

g-----------------o-1-3------------- g-1-3---

d-----------o-1-3------------------- d-1-3-5--

a-------1-3------------------------- a-1-3-5--

e-1-3-4----------------------------- e-1-3-4--

 

e-4-3-1-----------------------------

b-------4-3-1-----------------------

g-------------3-1-o-----------------

d-------------------3-1-o-----------

a-------------------------3-1-------

e-----------------------------4-3-1-

 

Eb Dorian Position

e-----------------------------1-3-4-

b-----------------------1-3-4-------

g-------------------1-3-------------

d-------------1-3-5-----------------

a-------1-3-5-----------------------

e-1-3-4-----------------------------

 

e-4-3-1-----------------------------

b-------4-3-1-----------------------

g-------------3-1-------------------

d-----------------5-3-1-------------

a-----------------------5-3-1-------

e-----------------------------4-3-1-

 

Eb is in Phrygian position at the third position, Lydian at the Fourth position, and continuing.

 

Ab Full Pattern

e-1-3-4-6-8-9--11-13-15-16-18-20-21-23

b-1-2-4-6-8-9--11-13-14-16-18-20-21-23

g-o-1-3-5-6-8--10-12-13-15-16-17-19-22

d-1-3-5-6-8-10-11-13-15-17-18-19-22-23

a-1-3-4-6-8-10-11-13-15-16-18-19-22-23

e-1-3-4-6-8-9--11-13-15-16-18-20-21-23

 

Ab Open Position Ab to Aeolean

e-----------------------------1-3-4- e- - /1-3-4

b-----------------------1-2-4------- b- - /1-2-4

g-----------------o-1-3------------- g-o- /1-3-

d-------------1-3------------------- d- - /1-3-5

a-------1-3-4----------------------- a- - /1-3-4

e-1-3-4----------------------------- e- - /1-3-4

 

e-4-3-1-----------------------------

b-------4-2-1-----------------------

g-------------3-1-o-----------------

d-------------------3-1-------------

a-----------------------4-3-1-------

e-----------------------------4-3-1-

Ab Aeolian Position (F Minor)

e-----------------------------1-3-4-

b-----------------------1-2-4-------

g-------------------1-3-------------

d-------------1-3-5-----------------

a-------1-3-4-----------------------

e-1-3-4-----------------------------

 

e-4-3-1-----------------------------

b-------4-2-1-----------------------

g-------------3-1-------------------

d-----------------5-3-1-------------

a-----------------------4-3-1-------

e-----------------------------4-3-1-

 

Finally Db has no open strings, so its lowest position is the Phrygian position (F Phrygian).

 

Db Full Pattern

e-1-2-4-6-8-9--11-13-14-16-18-20-21-23

b-1-2-4-6-7-9--11-13-14-16-18-19-21-23

g-1-3-5-6-8-10-11-13-15-17-18-20-21-22

d-1-3-4-6-8-10-11-13-15-16-18-20-22-23

a-1-3-4-6-8-9--11-13-15-16-18-20-21-23

e-1-2-4-6-8-9--11-13-14-16-18-20-21-23

 

Db Phrygian Position (No shift)

e-----------------------------1-2-4- e-1-2-4--

b-----------------------1-2-4------- b-1-2-4--

g-------------------1-3------------- g-1-3---

d-------------1-3-4----------------- d-1-3-4--

a-------1-3-4----------------------- a-1-3-4--

e-1-2-4----------------------------- e-1-2-4--

 

e-4-2-1-----------------------------

b-------4-2-1-----------------------

g-------------3-1-------------------

d-----------------4-3-1-------------

a-----------------------4-3-1-------

e-----------------------------4-2-1-

 

Variations on the Basic Modes

 

Each scale form has alternate ways of playing the same notes. For example, the G scale in open position could use a third string fourth fret B instead of the open second string B.

 

e-----------------------------o-2-3-

b-------------------------1-3-------

g-------------------o-2-4-----------

d-------------o-2-4-----------------

a-------o-2-3-----------------------

e-o-2-3-----------------------------

 

e-3-2-o-----------------------------

b-------3-1-------------------------

g-----------4-2-o-------------------

d-----------------4-2-o-------------

a-----------------------3-2-o-------

e-----------------------------3-2-o-

 

For a more complete list of alternate fingerings within the basic patterns, refer to the document, "Modal Scales Relative to G."

 

Efficiency Scales

Scale patterns can also move between positions. The problem with the standard position scales is that they contain three notes on most strings, but two notes on a single string. Playing three notes on each string allows for a consistent picking pattern and less brain energy to remember where the two note strings are.

 

Three Note Efficiency Scales

Three note efficiency scales begin in one position and end in the position above it. For example, the G major/E minor related modes starting in open position and shifting to Locrean position would be

 

Open Position

 

e-------------------------------2-3-5-

b-------------------------1-3-5-------

g-------------------o-2-4-------------

d-------------o-2-4-------------------

a-------o-2-3-------------------------

e-o-2-3-------------------------------

 

e-5-3-2-------------------------------

g-------5-3-1-------------------------

b-------------4-2-o-------------------

d-------------------4-2-o-------------

a-------------------------3-2-o-------

e-------------------------------3-2-o-

 

Picking Patterns

Often three note patterns are accompanied by efficiency picking, using a

down-up-down down-up-down down-up-down…

picking pattern ascending and an

up-down-up up-down-up up-down-up

pattern ascending. Once mastered, the combination of the picking pattern that does not cross strings and the three note consistent fingering pattern leads to the possibility of extremely fast runs popular in heavy metal and progressive styles. Efficiency picking is not recommended for beginning students, instead first establish an alternating picking style.

 

Three-note Efficiency Patterns

up the neck in G (and moveable to other keys) are

 

Locrean Position

 

e-------------------------------3-5-7-

b-------------------------3-5-7-------

g-------------------2-4-5-------------

d-------------2-4-5-------------------

a-------2-3-5-------------------------

e-2-3-5-------------------------------

 

e-7-5-3-------------------------------

g-------7-5-3-------------------------

b-------------5-4-2-------------------

d-------------------5-4-2-------------

a-------------------------5-3-2-------

e-------------------------------5-3-2-

 

Ionian Position

 

e--------------------------------5-7-8-

b--------------------------5-7-8-------

g--------------------4-5-7-------------

d--------------4-5-7-------------------

a--------3-5-7-------------------------

e-3-5-7--------------------------------

 

e-8-7-5--------------------------------

g-------8-7-5--------------------------

b-------------7-5-4--------------------

d-------------------7-5-4--------------

a-------------------------7-5-3--------

e--------------------------------7-5-3-

 

Dorian Position

 

e---------------------------------7-8-10-

b--------------------------7-8-10--------

g--------------------5-7-9---------------

d--------------5-7-9---------------------

a-------5-7-9----------------------------

e-5-7-8----------------------------------

 

e-10-8-7---------------------------------

g--------10-8-7--------------------------

b---------------9-7-5--------------------

d---------------------9-7-5--------------

a----------------------------9-7-5-------

e----------------------------------8-7-5-

 

Phrygian Position

 

e-------------------------------------8-10-12-

b-----------------------------8-10-12---------

g----------------------7-9-11-----------------

d---------------7-9-10------------------------

a--------7-9-10-------------------------------

e-7-8-10--------------------------------------

 

e-12-10-8-------------------------------------

g---------12-10-8-----------------------------

b-----------------11-9-7----------------------

d------------------------10-9-7---------------

a-------------------------------10-9-7--------

e--------------------------------------10-8-7-

 

Lydian Position

 

e------------------------------------------10-12-14-

b---------------------------------10-12-13----------

g-------------------------9-11-12-------------------

d-----------------9-10-12---------------------------

a---------9-10-12-----------------------------------

e-8-10-12-------------------------------------------

 

e-14-12-10------------------------------------------

g----------13-12-10---------------------------------

b-------------------12-11-9-------------------------

d---------------------------12-10-9-----------------

a-----------------------------------12-10-9---------

e-------------------------------------------12-10-8-

 

Mixolydian Position

 

e----------------------------------------------12-14-15-

b-------------------------------------12-13-15----------

g----------------------------11-12-14-------------------

d-------------------10-12-14----------------------------

a----------10-12-14-------------------------------------

e-10-12-14----------------------------------------------

 

e-15-14-12----------------------------------------------

g----------15-13-12-------------------------------------

b-------------------14-12-11----------------------------

d----------------------------14-12-10-------------------

a-------------------------------------14-12-10----------

e----------------------------------------------14-12-10-

 

Aolean Position

 

e----------------------------------------------14-15-17-

b-------------------------------------13-15-17----------

g----------------------------12-14-16-------------------

d-------------------12-14-16----------------------------

a----------12-14-15-------------------------------------

e-12-14-15----------------------------------------------

 

e-17-15-14----------------------------------------------

g----------17-15-13-------------------------------------

b-------------------16-14-12----------------------------

d----------------------------16-14-12-------------------

a-------------------------------------15-14-12----------

e----------------------------------------------15-14-12-

 

 

Pentatonic Scales

 

Pentatonic scales are simply the major patterns with the fourth and seventh scale degrees removed, In G, gabde, In the relative minor, this becomes the second and sixth degrees removed, egabd. The full pattern is

 

G Full Pattern

(E Minor uses the same patterns as G)

 

e-o-3-5-7-10-12-15-17-19-

b-o-3-5-8-10-12-15-17-20-

g-o-2-4-7-9--12-14-16-19-

d-o-2-5-7-9--12-14-17-18-

a-o-2-5-7-10-12-14-17-18-

e-o-3-5-7-10-12-15-17-19-

 

e-19-17-15-12-10-7-5-3-o-

b-20-17-15-12-10-8-5-3-o-

g-18-16-14-12-9--7-4-2-o-

d-18-17-14-12-9--7-5-2-o-

a-18-17-14-12-10-7-5-2-o-

e-19-17-15-12-10-7-5-3-o-

 

Pentatonic up the neck in G mirror their full scale counterparts.

G Open Position

 

e-o-3-

b-o-3-

g-o-2-

d-o-2-

a-o-2-

e-o-3-

 

e-----------------------------o-3-

b-----------------------o-3-------

g-------------------o-2-----------

d-------------o-2-----------------

a-------o-2-----------------------

e-o-3-----------------------------

 

e-3-o-----------------------------

b------3-o------------------------

g------------2-o------------------

d-----------------2-o-------------

a----------------------2-o--------

e-----------------------------3-o-

 

G Locrean Position

 

e-3-5-

b-3-5-

g-2-4-

d-2-5-

a-2-5-

e-3-5-

 

e-----------------------------3-5-

b-------------------------3-5-----

g-------------------2-4-----------

d-------------2-5-----------------

a-------2-5-----------------------

e-3-5-----------------------------

 

e-5-3-----------------------------

b-------5-3-----------------------

g-----------4-2-------------------

d-----------------5-2-------------

a-----------------------5-2-------

e-----------------------------5-3-

 

G Ionian Position

 

e-3-5-7-

b-3-5-7-

g-4-5-

d-5-7-

a-5-7-

e-3-5-7-

 

e-----------------------------3-5-7-

b-----------------------3-5---------

g-------------------4---------------

d-------------5-7-------------------

a-------5-7-------------------------

e-3-5-7-----------------------------

 

e-7-5-3-----------------------------

b-------5-3-------------------------

g-------------4---------------------

d-----------------7-5---------------

a-----------------------7-5---------

e-----------------------------7-5-3-

 

G Dorian Position

 

e-5-7-8-

b-5-8-

g---7-

d-5-7-9-

a-5-7-9-

e-5-7-8-

 

e-----------------------------5-7-

b-----------------------5-8-------

g-------------------7-------------

d-------------5-7-9---------------

a-------5-7-----------------------

e-5-7-----------------------------

 

e-7-5-----------------------------

b-------8-5-----------------------

g-------------7-------------------

d-----------------9-7-5-----------

a-----------------------7-5-------

e-----------------------------7-5-

 

G Phrygian Position

 

e-7-10-

b-8-10-

g-7-9-

d-7-9-

a-7-10-

e-7-10-

 

e---------------------------------7-10-

b--------------------------8-10--------

g----------------------7-9-------------

d---------------7-9--------------------

a--------7-10--------------------------

e-7-10---------------------------------

 

e-10-7---------------------------------

b--------10-8--------------------------

g---------------9-7--------------------

d-------------------9-7----------------

a--------------------------10-7--------

e---------------------------------10-7-

 

G Lydian Position

 

e-10-12-

b-8-10-12-

g-9-11-

d-9-12-

a-10-12-

e-10-12-

 

e--------------------------------------10-12-

b------------------------------8-10-12-------

g-------------------------9------------------

d-----------------9-12-----------------------

a---------10-12------------------------------

e-10-12--------------------------------------

 

e-12-10--------------------------------------

b---------12-10-8----------------------------

g-----------------9--------------------------

d----------------------12-9------------------

a------------------------------12-10---------

e--------------------------------------12-10-

 

G Mixolydian Position

 

e-10-12-14

b-10-12-

g-12-

d-12-14-

a-10-12-14-

e-10-12-14-

 

e--------------------------------------------10-12-14-

b-----------------------------------10-12-------------

g----------------------------12-----------------------

d-------------------12-14-----------------------------

a----------10-12-14-----------------------------------

e-10-12-----------------------------------------------

 

e-14-12-10--------------------------------------------

b----------12-10--------------------------------------

g-------------------12--------------------------------

d-------------------------14-12-----------------------

a----------------------------------14-12-10-----------

e-------------------------------------------12-10-----

 

G Aeolian Position

 

e-12-15-

b-12-15-

g-12-14-

d-12-14-

a-12-14-

e-12-15-

 

e-------------------------------------------12-15-

b----------------------------------12-15----------

g----------------------------12-14----------------

d-------------------12-14-------------------------

a----------12-14----------------------------------

e-12-15-------------------------------------------

 

e-15-12-------------------------------------------

b----------15-12----------------------------------

g-------------------14-12-------------------------

d-------------------------14-12-------------------

a----------------------------------14-12----------

e-------------------------------------------15-12-

Pentatonic Variations

 

Much of blues based rock soloing bases off of variations on the pentatonic scales. One fruitful process is to isolate the two fret patterns.

 

Two Fret Scales in G Pentatonic

 

e---------------10---12-

b-----------8---10---12-

g---------7---9--------

d-----5---7---9--------

a-----5---7------------

e-3---5---7------------

 

e-----------15---17---19-

b-----------15---17------

g---------14---16--------

d------12---14-----------

a-10---12---14-----------

e-10---12----------------

 

Finding the two fret patterns one per string leads to more efficient playing. Since these patterns skip scale notes, they are not full pentatonic scales.

 

Two Fret Two Note Efficiency Patterns in G

(Not Full Scales)

 

e---------------10---12-

b-----------8---10------

g---------7---9---------

d-----5---7-------------

a-----5---7-------------

e-3---5-----------------

 

e---------------10---12-

b---------------10---12-

g---------7---9---------

d-----5---7-------------

a-----5---7-------------

e-3---5-----------------

 

e---------------10---12-

b-----------8---10------

g---------7---9---------

d---------7---9---------

a-----5---7-------------

e-3---5-----------------

 

e---------------10---12-

b---------------10---12-

g---------7---9---------

d---------7---9---------

a-----5---7-------------

e-3---5-----------------

 

e---------------10---12-

b-----------8---10------

g---------7---9---------

d-----5---7-------------

a-----5---7-------------

e-----5---7-------------

 

e---------------10---12-

b-----------8---10------

g---------7---9---------

d---------7---9---------

a-----5---7-------------

e-----5---7-------------

 

e---------------10---12-

b---------------10---12-

g---------7---9---------

d-----5---7-------------

a-----5---7-------------

e-----5---7-------------

 

e---------------10---12-

b---------------10---12-

g---------7---9---------

d---------7---9---------

a-----5---7-------------

e-----5---7-------------

 

e-----------15---17------

b-----------15---17------

g---------14---16--------

d------12---14-----------

a------12---14-----------

e-10---12----------------

 

e----------------17---19-

b-----------15---17------

g---------14---16--------

d------12---14-----------

a------12---14-----------

e-10---12----------------

 

e-----------15---17------

b-----------15---17------

g---------14---16--------

d------12---14-----------

a-10---12----------------

e-10---12----------------

 

e----------------17---19-

b-----------15---17------

g---------14---16--------

d------12---14-----------

a-10---12----------------

e-10---12----------------

 

Three Fret Two Note Efficiency Patterns in G

(Not Full Scales)

 

e---------------7-----10-

b-----------5-----8------

g---------4-----7--------

d-----2-----5------------

a-----2-----5------------

e-o-----3----------------

 

e-----------12-----15---

b-----------12-----15---

g-----9-----12----------

d-----9-----12----------

a-7-----10--------------

e-7-----10--------------

 

Other Keys Full Pentatonic Patterns

Relative minors of keys use the same patterns

 

Gb

 

e-2-4-6-9-11-14-16-18-21

b-2-4-7-9-11-14-16-19-21

g-1-3-6-8-11-13-15-18-20

d-1-4-6-8-11-13-16-18-20

a-1-4-6-9-11-13-16-18-21

e-2-4-6-9-11-14-16-18-21

 

F

 

e-1-3-5-8-10-13-15-17-20

b-1-3-6-8-10-13-15-18-20

g-o-2-5-7-10-12-14-17-19

d-o-3-5-7-10-12-15-17-19

a-o-3-5-8-10-12-15-17-20

e-1-3-5-8-10-13-15-17-20

 

E

 

e-o-2-4-7-9-12-14-16-19

b-o-2-5-7-9-12-14-17-19

g---1-4-6-9-11-13-16-18

d---2-4-6-9-11-14-16-18

a---2-4-7-9-11-14-16-19

e-o-2-4-7-9-12-14-16-19

 

Eb

 

e-1-3-6-8-11-13-15-18-20

b-1-4-6-8-11-13-16-18-20

g-o-3-5-8-10-12-15-17-20

d-1-3-5-8-10-13-15-17-20

a-1-3-6-8-10-13-15-18-20

e-1-3-6-8-11-13-15-18-20

 

D

 

e-o-2-5-7-10-12-14-17-19

b-o-3-5-7-10-12-15-17-19

g---2-4-7-9--11-14-16-19

d-o-2-4-7-9--12-14-16-19

a-o-2-5-7-9--12-14-17-19

e-o-2-5-7-10-12-14-17-19

 

Db

 

e-1-4-6-9-11-13-16-18-21

b-2-4-6-9-11-14-16-18-21

g-1-3-6-8-10-13-15-18-20

d-1-3-6-8-11-13-15-18-20

a-1-4-6-8-11-13-16-18-20

e-1-4-6-9-11-13-16-18-21

 

C

 

e-o-3-5-8-10-12-15-17-20

b-1-3-5-8-10-13-15-17-20

g-o-2-5-7-9--12-14-17-19

d-o-2-5-7-10-12-14-17-19

a-o-3-5-7-10-12-15-17-19

e-o-3-5-8-10-12-15-17-20

 

B

 

e-2-4-7-9-11-14-16-19-21

b-o-2-4-7-9--12-14-16-19

g-1-4-6-8-11-13-16-18-20

d-1-4-6-9-11-13-16-18-21

a-2-4-6-9-11-14-16-18-21

e-2-4-7-9-11-14-16-19-21

 

Bb

 

e-1-3-6-8-10-13-15-18-20

b-1-3-6-8-11-13-15-18-20

g-o-3-5-7-10-12-15-17-19

d-o-3-5-8-10-12-15-17-20

a-1-3-5-8-10-13-15-17-20

e-1-3-6-8-10-13-15-18-20

 

A

 

e-o-2-5-7-9--12-14-17-19

b-o-2-5-7-10-12-14-17-19

g---2-4-6-9--11-14-16-18

d---2-4-7-9--11-14-16-19

a-o-2-4-7-9--12-14-16-19

e-o-2-5-7-9--12-14-17-19

 

Ab

 

e-1-4-6-8-11-13-16-18-20

b-1-4-6-9-11-13-16-18-21

g-1-3-5-8-10-13-15-17-20

d-1-3-6-8-10-13-15-18-20

a-1-3-6-8-11-13-15-18-20

e-1-4-6-8-11-13-16-18-20

 

Open Position Pentatonic Scales In Other Keys

See the "Scales in Other Keys" document for shift patterns into higher forms.

 

Gb

 

e-----------------------------2-4-

b-------------------------2-4-----

g-------------------1-3-----------

d-------------1-4-----------------

a-------1-4-----------------------

e-2-4-----------------------------

 

e-4-2-----------------------------

b-------4-2-----------------------

g-----------3-1-------------------

d-----------------4-1-------------

a-----------------------4-1-------

e-----------------------------4-2-

 

F

 

e----------------------------1-3-

b------------------------1-3-----

g------------------o-2-----------

d------------o-3-----------------

a------o-3-----------------------

e-1-3----------------------------

 

e-3-1----------------------------

b------3-1-----------------------

g----------2-o-------------------

d----------------3-o-------------

a----------------------3-o-------

e----------------------------3-1-

 

E

 

e-----------------------------o-2-4-

b-----------------------o-2---------

g-------------------1---------------

d-------------2-4-------------------

a-------2-4-------------------------

e-o-2-4-----------------------------

 

e-4-2-o-----------------------------

b-------2-o-------------------------

g-------------1---------------------

d-----------------4-2---------------

a-----------------------4-2---------

e-----------------------------4-2-o-

 

Eb

 

e-----------------------------1-3-

b-----------------------1-4-------

g-------------------3-------------

d-------------1-3-5---------------

a-------1-3-----------------------

e-1-3-----------------------------

 

e-3-1-----------------------------

b-------4-1-----------------------

g-------------3-------------------

d-----------------5-3-1-----------

a-----------------------3-1-------

e-----------------------------3-1-

 

D

 

e-----------------------------o-2-

b-----------------------o-3-------

g-------------------2-------------

d-------------o-2-4---------------

a-------o-2-----------------------

e-o-2-----------------------------

 

e-2-o-----------------------------

b-------3-o-----------------------

g-------------2-------------------

d-----------------4-2-o-----------

a-----------------------2-o-------

e-----------------------------2-o-

 

Db

 

e---------------------------------1-4-

b--------------------------2-4--------

g----------------------1-3------------

d---------------1-3-------------------

a--------1-4--------------------------

e-1-4---------------------------------

 

e-4-1---------------------------------

b--------4-2--------------------------

g---------------3-1-------------------

d-------------------3-1---------------

a--------------------------4-1--------

e---------------------------------4-1-

 

C

 

e---------------------------------o-3-

b--------------------------1-3--------

g----------------------o-2------------

d---------------o-2-------------------

a--------o-3--------------------------

e-o-3---------------------------------

 

e-3-o---------------------------------

b--------3-1--------------------------

g---------------2-o-------------------

d-------------------2-o---------------

a--------------------------3-o--------

e---------------------------------3-o-

 

B

 

e--------------------------------------2-4-

b------------------------------o-2-4-------

g-------------------------1----------------

d-----------------1-4----------------------

a---------2-4------------------------------

e-2-4--------------------------------------

 

e-4-2--------------------------------------

b---------4-2-o----------------------------

g-----------------1------------------------

d----------------------4-1-----------------

a------------------------------4-2---------

e--------------------------------------4-2-

 

Bb

 

e-----------------------------------------1-3-5-

b-----------------------------------1-3---------

g----------------------------3------------------

d-------------------3-5-------------------------

a----------1-3-5--------------------------------

e-1-3-------------------------------------------

 

e-3-1-------------------------------------------

b----------3-1----------------------------------

g-------------------3---------------------------

d-------------------------5-3-------------------

a----------------------------------5-3-1--------

e-------------------------------------------3-1-

 

A

 

e-----------------------------------------o-2-4-

b-----------------------------------o-2---------

g----------------------------2------------------

d-------------------2-4-------------------------

a----------o-2-4--------------------------------

e-o-2-------------------------------------------

 

e-2-o-------------------------------------------

b----------2-o----------------------------------

g-------------------2---------------------------

d-------------------------4-2-------------------

a----------------------------------4-2-o--------

e-------------------------------------------2-o-

 

Ab

 

e-------------------------------------------1-4-

b----------------------------------1-4----------

g----------------------------1-3----------------

d-------------------1-3-------------------------

a----------1-3----------------------------------

e-1-4-------------------------------------------

 

e-4-1-------------------------------------------

b----------4-1----------------------------------

g-------------------3-1-------------------------

d-------------------------3-1-------------------

a----------------------------------3-1----------

e-------------------------------------------4-1-

Harmonic Minor

For harmonic minor scales, raise the seventh degree of the natural minor scale. So, in E minor (relative to G major), change all the Ds to D#.

 

E Harmonic Minor (Relative to G) Full Pattern

e-o-2-3-5-7-8-11-12-14-15-17-19-20-23

b-o-1-4-5-7-8-10-12-13-16-17-19-20-22

g-o-2-4-5-8-9-11-12-14-16-17-20-21-23

d-1-2-4-5-7-9-10-13-14-16-17-19-21-22

a-o-2-3-6-7-9-10-12-14-15-18-19-21-22

e-o-2-3-5-7-8-11-12-14-15-17-19-20-23

 

o

o

 

o

o

o

 

 

1

 

1

 

2

2

2

2

 

2

3

3

 

 

 

3

 

 

4

4

4

 

5

 

5

5

5

5

 

6

 

 

 

 

7

7

7

 

7

7

8

 

 

8

8

8

 

9

9

9

 

 

 

10

10

 

10

 

11

 

 

11

 

11

12

12

 

12

12

12

 

 

13

 

13

 

14

14

14

14

 

14

15

15

 

 

 

15

 

 

16

16

16

 

17

 

17

17

17

17

 

18

 

 

 

 

19

19

19

 

19

19

20

 

 

20

20

20

 

E Harmonic Minor Open Position

e-----------------------------o-2-3-

b-----------------------o-1-4-------

g-------------------o-2-------------

d-------------1-2-4-----------------

a-------o-2-3-----------------------

e-o-2-3-----------------------------

 

Moving up the neck, the modal positions are indicated by the same shapes as their major counterparts even though these are no longer the scales indicated by the Greek mode names.

 

E Harmonic Minor G Locrean Position

e-----------------------------2-3-5-

b-------------------------4-5-------

g-------------------2-4-5-----------

d-------------2-4-5-----------------

a-------2-3-5-----------------------

e-2-3-5-----------------------------

 

E Harmonic Minor G Ionian Position

-----------------------------3-5-7-

b----------------------4-5-7-------

g------------------4-5-------------

d-------------4-5-7----------------

a-------3-6-7----------------------

e-3-5-7----------------------------

 

E Harmonic Minor G Dorian Position

e-------------------------------5-7-8-

b-------------------------5-7-8-------

g-------------------5-8-9-------------

d-------------5-7-9-------------------

a-------6-7-9-------------------------

e-5-7-8-------------------------------

 

E Harmonic Minor G Phrygian Position

e------------------------------7-8-11-

b--------------------------7-8-10-----

g----------------------8-9------------

d---------------7-9-10----------------

a--------7-9-10-----------------------

e-7-8-11------------------------------

 

E Harmonic Minor G Lydian Position

e-------------------------------------8-11-12-

b-----------------------------8-10-12---------

g----------------------8-9-11-----------------

d-----------------9-10------------------------

a---------9-10-12-----------------------------

e-8-11-12-------------------------------------

 

E Harmonic Minor G Mixolydian Position

e------------------------------------------11-12-14-

b---------------------------------10-12-13----------

g----------------------------11-12------------------

d-------------------10-13-14------------------------

a----------10-12-14---------------------------------

e-11-12-14------------------------------------------

 

E Harmonic Minor G Aeolian Position

e----------------------------------------------12-14-15-

b-------------------------------------12-13-16----------

g----------------------------12-14-16-------------------

d-------------------13-14-16----------------------------

a----------12-14-15-------------------------------------

e-12-14-15----------------------------------------------

 

For the other 11 keys, the full patterns and the open position scales are below. For shifts into higher positions, use the same shifts shown in the relative major exploration and then the patterns from above shifted. For vertical fretboard versions, see Vertical Scales Harmonic.

 

Eb Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

e-1-2-4-6-7-10-11-13-14-16-18-19

b-o-3-4-6-7-9--11-12-15-16-18-19

g-1-3-4-7-8-10-11-13-15-16-19-20

d-1-3-4-6-8-9--12-13-15-16-18-20

a-1-2-5-6-8-9--11-13-14-17-18-20

e-1-2-4-6-7-10-11-13-14-16-18-19

 

Eb Harmonic Minor Open Position

e-----------------------------1-2-4-

b-----------------------o-3-4-------

g-------------------1-3-------------

d-------------1-3-4-----------------

a-------1-2-5-----------------------

e-1-2-4-----------------------------

 

D Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

e-o-1-3-5-6-9--10-12-13-15-17-18

b-2-3-5-6-8-10-11-14-15-17-18-20

g-o-2-3-6-7-9--10-12-14-15-18-19

d-o-2-3-5-7-8--11-12-14-15-17-19

a-o-1-4-5-7-8--10-12-13-16-17-19

e-o-1-3-5-6-9--10-12-13-15-17-18

 

D Harmonic Minor Open Position

e-----------------------------o-1-3-

b-------------------------2-3-------

g-------------------o-2-3-----------

d-------------o-2-3-----------------

a-------o-1-4-----------------------

e-o-1-3-----------------------------

 

Db Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

e-o-2-4-5-8-9--11-12-14-16-17-20

b-1-2-4-5-7-9--10-13-14-16-17-19

g-1-2-5-6-8-9--11-13-14-17-18-20

d-1-2-4-6-7-10-11-13-14-16-18-19

a-o-3-4-6-7-9--11-12-15-16-18-19

e-o-2-4-5-8-9--11-12-14-16-17-20

 

Db Harmonic Minor Open Position

e-----------------------------o-2-4-

b-----------------------1-2-4-------

g-------------------1-2-------------

d-------------1-2-4-----------------

a-------o-3-4-----------------------

e-o-2-4-----------------------------

 

C Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

e-1-3-4-7-8-10-11-13-15-16-19-20

b-o-1-3-4-6-8--9--12-13-15-16-18

g-o-1-4-5-7-8--10-12-13-16-17-19

d-o-1-3-5-6-9--10-12-13-15-17-18

a-2-3-5-6-8-10-11-14-15-17-18-20

e-1-3-4-7-8-10-11-13-15-16-19-20

 

C Harmonic Minor Open Position

e---------------------------1-3-4-

b---------------------o-1-3-------

g-----------------o-1-------------

d-----------o-1-3-----------------

a-------2-3-----------------------

e-1-3-4---------------------------

 

B Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

e-o-2-3-6-7-9-10-12-14-15-18-19

b-o-2-3-5-7-8-11-12-14-15-17-19

g-o-3-4-6-7-9-11-12-15-16-18-19

d-o-2-4-5-8-9-11-12-14-16-17-20

a-1-2-4-5-7-9-10-13-14-16-17-19

e-o-2-3-6-7-9-10-12-14-15-18-19

 

B Harmonic Minor Open Position

e-----------------------------o-2-3-

b-----------------------o-2-3-------

g-------------------o-3-------------

d-------------o-2-4-----------------

a-------1-2-4-----------------------

e-o-2-3-----------------------------

 

Bb Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

e-1-2-5-6-8-9--11-13-14-17-18-20

b-1-2-4-6-7-10-11-13-14-16-18-19

g-2-3-5-6-8-10-11-14-15-17-18-20

d-1-3-4-7-8-10-11-13-15-16-19-20

a-o-1-3-4-6-8--9--12-13-15-16-18

e-1-2-5-6-8-9--11-13-14-17-18-20

 

Bb Harmonic Minor Open Position

e---------------------------1-2-5-

b---------------------1-2-4-------

g-----------------2-3-------------

d-----------1-3-4-----------------

a-----o-1-3-----------------------

e-1-2-----------------------------

 

A Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

e-o-1-4-5-7-8-10-12-13-16-17-19

b-o-1-3-5-6-9-10-12-13-15-17-18

g-1-2-4-5-7-9-10-13-14-16-17-19

d-o-2-3-6-7-9-10-12-14-15-18-19

a-o-2-3-5-7-8-11-12-14-15-17-19

e-o-1-4-5-7-8-10-12-13-16-17-19

 

A Harmonic Minor Open Position

e-----------------------------o-1-4-

b-----------------------o-1-3-------

g-------------------1-2-------------

d-------------o-2-3-----------------

a-------o-2-3-----------------------

e-o-1-4-----------------------------

 

Ab Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

e-o-3-4-6-7-9--11-12-15-16-18-19

b-o-2-4-5-8-9--11-12-14-16-17-20

g-o-1-3-4-6-8--9--12-13-15-16-18

d-1-2-5-6-8-9--11-13-14-17-18-20

a-1-2-4-6-7-10-11-13-14-16-18-19

e-o-3-4-6-7-9--11-12-15-16-18-19

 

Ab Harmonic Minor Open Position

e-----------------------------o-3-4-

b-----------------------o-2-4-------

g-----------------o-1-3-------------

d-------------1-2-------------------

a-------1-2-4-----------------------

e-o-3-4-----------------------------

 

G Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

e-2-3-5-6-8-10-11-14-15-17-18-20

b-1-3-4-7-8-10-11-13-15-16-19-20

g-o-2-3-5-7-8--11-12-14-15-17-18

d-o-1-4-5-7-8--10-12-13-16-17-19

a-o-1-3-5-6-9--10-12-13-15-17-18

e-2-3-5-6-8-10-11-14-15-17-18-20

 

G Harmonic Minor Open Position

e-----------------------------2-3-5-

b-----------------------1-3-4-------

g-----------------o-2-3-------------

d-----------o-1-4-------------------

a-----o-1-3-------------------------

e-2-3-------------------------------

 

Gb Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

e-1-2-4-5-7-9--10-13-14-16-17-19

b-o-2-3-6-7-9--10-12-14-15-18-19

g-1-2-4-6-7-10-11-13-14-16-17-18

d-o-3-4-6-7-9--11-12-15-16-18-19

a-o-2-4-5-8-9--11-12-14-16-17-19

e-1-2-4-5-7-9--10-13-14-16-17-19

 

Gb Harmonic Minor Open Position

e-------------------------------1-2-4-

b-------------------------o-2-3-------

g-------------------1-2-4-------------

d-------------o-3-4-------------------

a-------o-2-4-------------------------

e-1-2-4-------------------------------

 

F Harmonic Minor Full Pattern

e-o-1-3-4-6-8--9--12-13-15-16-18

b-1-2-5-6-8-9--11-13-14-17-18-20

g-o-1-3-5-6-9--10-12-13-15-16-17

d-2-3-5-6-8-10-11-14-15-17-18-20

a-1-3-4-7-8-10-11-13-15-16-18-20

e-o-1-3-4-6-8--9--12-13-15-16-18

 

F Harmonic Minor Open Position

e-----------------------------o-1-3-

b-------------------------1-2-------

g-------------------o-1-3-----------

d-------------2-3-5-----------------

a-------1-3-4-----------------------

e-o-1-3-----------------------------

Melodic Minor

 

Melodic minor scales add a raised sixth and a raised seventh ascending, and revert to natural minor descending.

E Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

 

e-o-2-3-5-7-9-11-12-14-15-17-19

b-o-2-4-5-7-8-10-12-14-16-17-19

g-o-2-4-6-8-9-11-12-14-16-18-20

d-1-2-4-5-7-9-11-13-14-16-17-19

a-o-2-4-6-7-9-10-12-14-16-18-19

e-o-2-3-5-7-9-11-12-14-15-17-19

 

o

o

 

o

o

o

 

 

1

 

 

 

2

2

2

2

2

2

3

 

 

 

 

3

 

4

4

4

4

 

5

 

5

 

5

5

 

6

 

6

 

 

7

7

7

 

7

7

 

 

 

8

8

 

9

9

9

9

 

9

 

10

 

 

10

 

11

 

11

11

 

11

12

12

 

12

12

12

 

 

13

 

 

 

14

14

14

14

14

14

15

 

 

 

 

15

 

16

16

16

16

 

17

 

17

 

17

17

 

18

 

18

 

 

19

19

19

 

19

19

 

 

 

20

20

 

E Melodic Minor Open Position

 

e-------------------------------o-2-3-

b-------------------------o-2-4-------

g-------------------o-2-4-------------

d-------------1-2-4-------------------

a-------o-2-4-------------------------

e-o-2-3-------------------------------

 

e-3-2-o-----------------------------

b-------3-1-o-----------------------

g-------------2-o-------------------

d-----------------4-2-o-------------

a-----------------------3-2-o-------

e-----------------------------3-2-o-

 

E Melodic Minor G Locrean Position

 

e-----------------------------2-3-5-

b-----------------------2-4-5-------

g-------------------2-4-------------

d-------------2-4-5-----------------

a-------2-4-6-----------------------

e-2-3-5-----------------------------

 

e-5-3-2-----------------------------

b-------5-3-------------------------

g-----------5-4-2-------------------

d-----------------5-4-2-------------

a-----------------------5-3-2-------

e-----------------------------5-3-2-

 

E Melodic Minor G Ionian Position

 

e-----------------------------3-5-7-

b-----------------------4-5-7-------

g-------------------4-6-------------

d-------------4-5-7-----------------

a-------4-6-7-----------------------

e-3-5-7-----------------------------

 

e-7-5-3-----------------------------

b-------7-5-3-----------------------

g-------------5-4-------------------

d-----------------7-5-4-------------

a-----------------------7-5-3-------

e-----------------------------7-5-3-

 

E Melodic Minor G Dorian Position

 

e-----------------------------5-7-9-

b-----------------------5-7-8-------

g-------------------6-8-------------

d-------------5-7-9-----------------

a-------6-7-9-----------------------

e-5-7-9-----------------------------

 

e-8-7-5------------------------------

b--------8-7-5-----------------------

g--------------7-5-------------------

d------------------9-7-5-------------

a------------------------9-7-5-------

e------------------------------8-7-5-

 

E Melodic Minor G Phrygian Position

 

e---------------------------------7-9-11-

b--------------------------7-8-10--------

g----------------------8-9---------------

d---------------7-9-11-------------------

a--------7-9-10--------------------------

e-7-9-11---------------------------------

 

e-10-8-7---------------------------------

b--------10-8-7--------------------------

g---------------9-7----------------------

d-------------------10-9-7---------------

a--------------------------10-9-7--------

e---------------------------------10-8-7-

 

E Melodic Minor G Lydian Position

 

e--------------------------------------9-11-12-

b------------------------------8-10-12---------

g-------------------------9-11-----------------

d-----------------9-11-13----------------------

a---------9-10-12------------------------------

e-9-11-12--------------------------------------

 

e-12-10-8--------------------------------------

b---------12-10-8------------------------------

g-----------------11-9-------------------------

d----------------------12-10-9-----------------

a------------------------------12-10-9---------

e--------------------------------------12-10-8-

 

E Melodic Minor G Mixolydian Position

 

e------------------------------------------11-12-14-

b---------------------------------10-12-14----------

g---------------------------11-12-------------------

d-------------------11-13-14------------------------

a----------10-12-14---------------------------------

e-11-12-14------------------------------------------

 

e-14-12-10-------------------------------------------

b----------13-12-10----------------------------------

g-------------------12-11----------------------------

d-------------------------14-12-10-------------------

a----------------------------------14-12-10----------

e-------------------------------------------14-12-10-

 

E Melodic Minor G Aeolian Position

 

e-------------------------------------------12-14-15-

b----------------------------------12-14-16----------

g----------------------------12-14-------------------

d-------------------13-14-16-------------------------

a----------12-14-16----------------------------------

e-12-14-15-------------------------------------------

 

e-15-14-12-------------------------------------------

b----------15-13-------------------------------------

g----------------16-14-12----------------------------

d-------------------------16-14-12-------------------

a----------------------------------15-14-12----------

e-------------------------------------------15-14-12-

 

Eb Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

 

e-o-1-2-4-6-8-10-11-13-14-16-18

b-o-1-3-4-6-7-9--11-13-15-16-18

g-o-1-3-5-7-8-10-11-13-15-17-19

d-1-1-3-4-6-8-10-12-13-15-16-18

a-o-1-3-5-6-8-9--11-13-15-17-18

e-o-1-2-4-6-8-10-11-13-14-16-18

 

(For the vertical, fretboard layout of all these scales, see Vertical Scale Melodic Minor Ascending.)

 

Eb Melodic Minor Open Position

 

e-------------------------------------o-1-2-4-

b-----------------------------o-1-3-4---------

g-----------------------o-1-3-----------------

d---------------o-1-3-4-----------------------

a---------o-1-3-------------------------------

e-o-1-2-4-------------------------------------

 

e-4-2-1-----------------------------

b-------4-2-o-----------------------

g-------------3-1-------------------

d-----------------4-3-1-------------

a-----------------------4-2-1-------

e-----------------------------4-2-1-

 

D Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

 

e-o-1-3-5-7-9-10-12-13-15-17-19

b-o-2-3-5-6-8-10-12-14-15-17-18

g-o-2-4-6-7-9-10-12-14-16-18-19

d-o-2-3-5-7-9-11-12-14-15-17-19

a-o-2-4-5-7-8-10-12-14-16-17-19

e-o-1-3-5-7-9-10-12-13-15-17-19

 

D Melodic Minor Open Position

 

e-------------------------------o-1-3-

b-------------------------o-2-3-------

g-------------------o-2-4-------------

d-------------o-2-3-------------------

a-------o-2-4-------------------------

e-o-1-3-------------------------------

 

e-3-1-o-----------------------------

b-------3-1-------------------------

g-----------3-2-o-------------------

d-----------------3-2-o-------------

a-----------------------3-1-o-------

e-----------------------------3-1-o-

 

Db Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

 

e-o-2-4-6-8-9--11-12-14-16-18-20

b-1-2-4-5-7-9--11-13-14-16-17-19

g-1-3-5-6-8-9--11-13-15-17-18-20

d-1-2-4-6-8-10-11-13-14-16-18-20

a-1-3-4-6-7-9--11-13-15-16-18-19

e-o-2-4-6-8-9--11-12-14-16-18-20

 

Db Melodic Minor Open Position

 

e-------------------------------o-2-4-

b-------------------------1-2-4-------

g-------------------1-3-5-------------

d-------------1-2-4-------------------

a-------1-3-4-------------------------

e-o-2-4-------------------------------

 

e-4-2-o-----------------------------

b-------4-2-o-----------------------

g-------------2-1-------------------

d-----------------4-2-1-------------

a-----------------------4-2-o-------

e-----------------------------4-2-o-

 

C Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

 

e---1-3-5-7-8-10-11-13-15-17-19

b-o-1-3-4-6-8-10-12-13-15-16-18

g-o-2-4-5-7-8-10-12-14-16-17-19

d-o-1-3-5-7-9-10-12-13-15-17-19

a-o-2-3-5-6-8-10-12-14-15-17-18

e---1-3-5-7-8-10-11-13-15-17-19

 

C Melodic Minor Open Position

 

e-------------------------------1-3-

b-----------------------o-1-3-4-----

g-----------------o-2-4-------------

d-----------o-1-3-------------------

a-----o-2-3-------------------------

e-1-3-------------------------------

 

e-4-3-1-----------------------------

b-------4-3-1-----------------------

g-------------3-1-------------------

d-----------------5-3-1-------------

a-----------------------5-3-1-------

e-----------------------------4-3-1-

 

B Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

 

e-o-2-4-6-7-9-10-12-14-16-18-19

b-o-2-3-5-7-9-11-12-14-15-17-20

g-1-3-4-6-7-9-11-13-15-16-18-19

d-o-2-4-6-8-9-11-12-14-16-18-20

a-1-2-4-5-7-9-11-13-14-16-17-19

e-o-2-4-6-7-9-10-12-14-16-18-19

 

B Melodic Minor Open Position

 

e-------------------------------o-2-4-

b-------------------------o-2-3-------

g-------------------1-3-4-------------

d-------------o-2-4-------------------

a-------1-2-4-------------------------

e-o-2-4-------------------------------

 

e-3-2-o-----------------------------

b-------3-2-o-----------------------

g-------------2-o-------------------

d-----------------4-2-o-------------

a-----------------------4-2-o-------

e-----------------------------3-2-o-

 

Bb Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

 

e---1-3-5-6-8-9--11-13-15-17-18

b---1-2-4-6-8-10-11-13-14-16-19

g-o-2-3-5-6-8-10-12-14-15-17-18

d---1-3-5-7-8-10-11-13-15-17-19

a-o-1-3-4-6-8-10-12-13-15-16-18

e---1-3-5-6-8-9--11-13-15-17-18

 

Bb Melodic Minor Open Position

 

e-----------------------------1-3-

b-----------------------1-2-4-----

g-----------------o-2-3-----------

d-------------1-3-----------------

a-----o-1-3-4---------------------

e-1-3-----------------------------

 

e-4-2-1-----------------------------

b-------4-2-1-----------------------

g-------------3-1-------------------

d-----------------4-3-1-------------

a-----------------------4-3-1-------

e-----------------------------4-2-1-

 

A Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

 

e-o-2-4-5-7-8-10-12-14-16-17-19

b-o-1-3-5-7-9-10-12-13-15-18-19

g-1-2-4-5-7-9-11-13-14-16-17-19

d-o-2-4-6-7-9-10-12-14-16-18-19

a-o-2-3-5-7-9-11-12-14-15-17-19

e-o-2-4-5-7-8-10-12-14-16-17-19

 

A Melodic Minor Open Position

 

e-------------------------------o-2-4-

b-------------------------o-1-3-------

g-------------------1-2-4-------------

d-------------o-2-4-------------------

a-------o-2-3-------------------------

e-o-2-4-------------------------------

 

e-3-1-o-----------------------------

b-------3-1-o-----------------------

g-------------2-o-------------------

d-----------------3-2-o-------------

a-----------------------3-2-o-------

e-----------------------------3-1-o-

 

Ab Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

 

e---1-3-4-6-7-9--11-13-15-16-18

b---o-2-4-6-8-9--11-12-14-17-18

g-o-1-3-4-6-8-10-12-13-15-16-18

d---1-3-5-6-8-9--11-13-15-17-18

a---1-2-4-6-8-10-11-13-14-16-18

e---1-3-4-6-7-9--11-13-15-16-18

 

Ab Melodic Minor Open Position

 

e-------------------------------1-3-4-

b-------------------------o-2-4-------

g-----------------o-1-3-4-------------

d-------------1-3---------------------

a-------1-2-4-------------------------

e-1-3-4-------------------------------

 

e-4-2-o-----------------------------

b-------4-2-o-----------------------

g-------------3-1-------------------

d-----------------4-2-1-------------

a-----------------------4-2-1-------

e-----------------------------4-2-o-

 

G Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

 

e-o-2-3-5-6-8-10-12-14-15-17-18

b---1-3-5-7-8-10-11-13-16-17-19

g-o-2-3-5-7-9-11-12-14-15-17-18

d-o-2-4-5-7-8-10-12-14-16-17-19

a-o-1-3-5-7-9-10-12-13-15-17-18

e-o-2-3-5-6-8-10-12-14-15-17-18

 

G Melodic Minor Open Position

 

e-----------------------------o-2-3-

b-------------------------1-3-------

g-------------------o-2-3-----------

d-------------o-2-4-----------------

a-------o-1-3-----------------------

e-o-2-3-----------------------------

 

e-5-3-1-----------------------------

b-------4-3-1-----------------------

g-------------3-2-o-----------------

d-------------------3-1-o-----------

a-------------------------3-1-o-----

e-------------------------------3-1-

 

Gb Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

 

e-1-2-4-5-7-9--11-13-14-16-17-19

b-o-2-4-6-7-9--10-12-15-16-18-19

g-1-2-4-6-8-10-11-13-14-16-17-18

d-1-3-4-6-7-9--11-13-15-16-18-19

a-o-2-4-6-8-9--11-12-14-16-17-19

e-1-2-4-5-7-9--11-13-14-16-17-19

 

e-4-2-o-----------------------------

b-------3-2-o-----------------------

g-------------2-1-------------------

d-----------------4-2-o-------------

a-----------------------4-2-o-------

e-----------------------------4-2-o-

 

Gb Melodic Minor Open Position

 

e-------------------------------1-2-4-

b-------------------------o-2-4-------

g-------------------1-2-4-------------

d-------------1-3-4-------------------

a-------o-2-4-------------------------

e-1-2-4-------------------------------

 

F Melodic Minor Ascending Full Pattern

 

e-o-1-3-4-6-8-10-12-13-15-16-18

b---1-3-5-6-8-9--11-14-15-17-18

g-o-1-3-5-7-9-10-12-13-15-16-17

d-o-2-3-5-6-8-10-12-14-15-17-18

a---1-3-5-7-8-10-11-13-15-16-18

e-o-1-3-4-6-8-10-12-13-15-16-18

 

F Melodic Minor Open Position

e-----------------------------o-1-3-4-

b-------------------------1-3---------

g-------------------o-1-3-------------

d-------------o-2-3-------------------

a---------1-3-------------------------

e-o-1-3-4-----------------------------

 

e-4-3-1-----------------------------

b-------4-2-1-----------------------

g-------------3-1-o-----------------

d-------------------3-1-------------

a-----------------------4-3-1-------

e-----------------------------4-3-1-

Position Shifting

The section on three note efficiency scales showed how shifting between positions can have benefits. Using the first finger to shift between positions can add range to the scales. To learn the first finger shifts, first revisit the full pattern of the G scale.

 

The G major scale

e-o-2-3-5-7-8-10-12-14-15-17-19

b-o-1-3-5-7-8-10-12-13-15-17-19

g-o-2-4-5-7-9-11-12-14-15-16-18

d-o-2-4-5-7-9-10-12-14-16-17-18

a-o-2-3-5-7-9-10-12-14-15-17-18

e-o-2-3-5-7-8-10-12-14-15-17-19

 

Descending

 

e-19-17-15-14-12-10-8-7-5-3-2-o

b-19-17-15-13-12-10-8-7-5-3-1-o

g-18-16-15-14-12-11-9-7-5-4-2-o

d-18-17-16-14-12-10-9-7-5-4-2-o

a-18-17-15-14-12-10-9-7-5-3-2-o

e-19-17-15-14-12-10-8-7-5-3-2-o

 

Single String Vertical Scales

Previous versions of the scale fixed one position and played the patterns horizontally across the fretboard. Now begin to add vertical movement to the scales.

First, on the low E sixth string, practice the scale vertically using only the first finger sliding between notes.

 

e-o-2-3-5-7-8-10-12-14-15-17-19

 

e-19-17-15-14-12-10-8-7-5-3-2-o

 

Then move on to the other strings, still just sliding with the first finger.

 

A string

 

a-o-2-3-5-7-9-10-12-14-15-17-18

 

a-18-17-15-14-12-10-9-7-5-3-2-o

 

D string

 

d-o-2-4-5-7-9-10-12-14-16-17-18

 

d-18-17-16-14-12-10-9-7-5-4-2-o

 

G string

 

g-o-2-4-5-7-9-11-12-14-15-16-18

 

g-18-16-15-14-12-11-9-7-5-4-2-o

 

B string

 

b-o-1-3-5-7-8-10-12-13-15-17-19

 

b-19-17-15-13-12-10-8-7-5-3-1-o

 

High E string

 

e-o-2-3-5-7-8-10-12-14-15-17-19

 

e-19-17-15-14-12-10-8-7-5-3-2-o

 

Single String Shift Exercise

Then practice sliding in context on every string. The "/" indicates a shift in hand position and not necessarily an actual slide. Play these five note patterns shifting the first finger on every / marking ascending.

 

Low E string

 

e-o-2-3-2-/3-5-7-5-3-/5-7-8-7-5-/7-8-10-8-7-

 

e-/8-10-12-10-8-/10-12-14-12-10-/12-14-15-14-12

 

The descending pattern is a four note pattern with a \ indicating a shift downward.

 

e-15-14-12-\10-14-12-10-\8-12-10-8-\7-10-8-7-\5-7-5-3-\2-5-3-2-o-3-2-o

 

Continue to the other strings.

 

A String

 

a-o-2-3-2-/3-5-7-5-3-/5-7-9-7-5-/7-9-10-9-7-

 

a-/9-10-12-10-9-/10-12-14-12-10-/12-14-15-14-12

 

a-15-14-12-\10-14-12-10-\9-12-10-9-\7-10-9-7-\5-7-5-3-\2-5-3-2-o-3-2-o

 

 

D String

 

d-o-2-4-2-/4-5-7-5-4-/5-7-9-7-5-/7-9-10-9-7-

 

d-/9-10-12-10-9-/10-12-14-12-10-/12-14-16-14-12

 

d-16-14-12-\10-14-12-10-\9-12-10-9-\7-10-9-7-\5-7-5-4-\2-5-4-2-o-4-2-o

 

 

G String

 

g-o-2-4-2-/4-5-7-5-4-/5-7-9-7-5-/7-9-11-9-7-

 

g-/9-11-12-11-9-/11-12-14-12-11-/12-14-15-14-12

 

g-15-14-12-\11-14-12-11-\9-12-11-9-\7-11-9-7-\5-7-5-4-\2-5-4-2-o-4-2-o

 

B String

 

b-o-1-3-1-/3-5-7-5-3-/5-7-8-7-5-/7-8-10-8-7-

 

b-/8-10-12-10-8-/10-12-13-12-10-/12-13-15-13-12

 

b-15-13-12-\10-13-12-10-\8-12-10-8-\7-10-8-7-\5-7-5-3-\1-5-3-1-o-3-1-o

 

High E string

 

e-o-2-3-2-/3-5-7-5-3-/5-7-8-7-5-/7-8-10-8-7-

 

e-/8-10-12-10-8-/10-12-14-12-10-/12-14-15-14-12

 

e-15-14-12-\10-14-12-10-\8-12-10-8-\7-10-8-7-\5-7-5-3-\2-5-3-2-o-3-2-o

 

Modal Scales with Shifts in G

Once shifting technique is natural and relaxed, begin the exhaustive process of playing through the shifts in the document "Modal Scales with Shifts in G"

 

The process starts with a simple one-string shift

 

Open 1st String Shift to Locrean Position

 

e-----------------------------o-/2-3-5-

b-----------------------o-1-3----------

g-------------------o-2----------------

d-------------o-2-4--------------------

a-------o-2-3--------------------------

e-o-2-3--------------------------------

 

e-5-3-2-\o-----------------------------

b----------3-1-o-----------------------

g----------------2-o-------------------

d--------------------4-2-o-------------

a--------------------------3-2-o-------

e--------------------------------3-2-o-

 

Then moves to the next string

 

Open 2nd String Shift to Locrean Position

 

e--------------------------------2-3-5-

b-----------------------o-/1-3-5-------

g-------------------o-2----------------

d-------------o-2-4--------------------

a-------o-2-3--------------------------

e-o-2-3--------------------------------

 

e-5-3-2--------------------------------

b-------5-3-1-\o-----------------------

g---------------2-o--------------------

d-------------------4-2-o--------------

a-------------------------3-2-o--------

e-------------------------------3-2-o--

 

Then adds a second shift to the pattern

 

Open 2nd String Shift to Locrean Position with 1st String Shift

 

e-------------------------------2-/3-5-7-

b-----------------------o-/1-3-5---------

g-------------------o-2------------------

d-------------o-2-4----------------------

a-------o-2-3----------------------------

e-o-2-3----------------------------------

 

e-7-5-3-\2-------------------------------

b----------5-3-1-\o----------------------

g-------------------2-o------------------

d-----------------------4-2-o------------

a-----------------------------3-2-o------

e-----------------------------------3-2-o

 

Then the shift moves on to the next string

 

Open 3rd String Shift to Locrean Position

 

e--------------------------------2-3-5-

b----------------------------3-5-------

g-------------------o-/2-4-5-----------

d-------------o-2-4--------------------

a-------o-2-3--------------------------

e-o-2-3--------------------------------

 

e-5-3-2--------------------------------

b-------5-3----------------------------

g-----------5-4-2-\o-------------------

d--------------------4-2-o-------------

a--------------------------3-2-o-------

e--------------------------------3-2-o-

 

The full document then adds a first string shift, a second string shift, and then second string with first string.

 

This pattern continues until all strings have shifted.

 

Open 6th String Shift to Locrean 5th 4th 3rd 2nd 1st String Shift

 

e---------------------------------------------8-/10-12-14--

b----------------------------------7-/8-10-12--------------

g---------------------------5-/7-9-------------------------

d------------------4-/5-7-9--------------------------------

a---------2-/3-5-7-----------------------------------------

e-o-2-3-5--------------------------------------------------

 

e-14-12-10-\8----------------------------------------------

b-------------12-10-8-\7-----------------------------------

g------------------------9-7-\5----------------------------

d-------------------------------9-7-5-\4-------------------

a----------------------------------------7-5-3-\2----------

e-------------------------------------------------5-3-2-o--

 

Once all open shifts are complete, the pattern begins in the Locrean position

 

Locrean position with 1st String Shift

 

e-----------------------------2-/3-5-7-

b-------------------------3-5----------

g-------------------2-4-5--------------

d-------------2-4-5--------------------

a-------2-3-5--------------------------

e-2-3-5--------------------------------

 

e-7-5-3-\2-----------------------------

b----------5-3-------------------------

g--------------5-4-2-------------------

d--------------------5-4-2-------------

a--------------------------5-3-2-------

e--------------------------------5-3-2-

 

And continues through all shifts to.

 

Locrean 6th 5th 4th 3rd 2nd 1st String Shift

Fully Shifted Three Octave Scale

 

e-----------------------------------------------10-/12-14-15--

b-----------------------------------8-/10-12-13---------------

g----------------------------7-/9-11--------------------------

d-------------------5-/7-9-10---------------------------------

a----------3-/5-7-9-------------------------------------------

e-2-/3-5-7----------------------------------------------------

 

e-15-14-12-\10------------------------------------------------

b--------------13-12-10-\8------------------------------------

g--------------------------11-9-\7----------------------------

d----------------------------------10-9-7-\5------------------

a--------------------------------------------9-7-5-\3---------

e-----------------------------------------------------7-5-3-\2

 

Once Locrean is complete, continue with Ionian until

 

Ionian 6th 5th 4th 3rd 2nd String Shift

 

e------------------------------------------------------12-14-15-

b-----------------------------------------10-/12-13-15----------

g--------------------------------9-/11-12-----------------------

d---------------------7-/9-10-12--------------------------------

a----------5-/7-9-10--------------------------------------------

e-3-/5-7-8------------------------------------------------------

 

e-15-14-12------------------------------------------------------

b----------15-13-12-\10-----------------------------------------

g-----------------------12-11-\9--------------------------------

d--------------------------------12-10-9-\7---------------------

a------------------------------------------10-9-7-\5------------

e----------------------------------------------------8-7-5-\3---

 

At this point the scales begin to wrap around each other.

 

"Ionian 6th 5th 4th 3rd 2nd 1st String Shift" would be redundant. These scales are limited to three octaves plus a few essential notes topping put around the 15th fret. Any more would just repeat the patterns already lower on the string. To continue further up the neck, just wrap the patterns around from the bottom, Locrean mode, and continue. Each successive mode has one less iteration than the previous, otherwise the patterns would become redundant and reach further up the neck than ay guitar could play.

 

Refer to the document, "Modal Scales with shifts in G" for all the patterns.

 

Distilled Scale

The shifted pattern scales are informative, but for practical purposes too long to practice regularly since even an accomplished played takes about 20 minutes to play through all 294 variations. Removing all the repeated portions of the scale distills the process down to its basic elements. The following exercise includes all the elements of the shifted scales at least once, adds all the unique elements from the scale variations, and also adds open stings to the scales up the next. Presented here ascending, then in reverse order to cover all possible note changes in G and the related modes.

Dr. Dick's Endless Scale Distilled

e-o-2-3-2-o------------o-/2-3-5-3-2-\o--------------2-/3-5-7-5-3-\2------------
b-----------3-1-o-1-3------------------3-1-o-/1-3-5-----------------5-3-1-\o---
g----------------------------------------------------------------------------2-
d------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
e----------------o-----2-----3-/5-7-8-7-5-\3------------------------------------5-/7-8-
b-----o-----1-/3---3-5---5-7------------------7-5-3-\1------------1----3-/5-7-8--------
g-o-2---2-4--------------------------------------------4-2-o-/2-4---4-5----------------
d--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
e-10-8-7-\5--------------------------------------------------------------------7-/8-10-
b-----------8-7-5-\3------------------------------------------3-----5-/7-8-10----------
g--------------------5-4-2-\o--------------------o-----2-/4-5---5-7--------------------
d-----------------------------4-2-o-2-4-2-o-/2-4---4-5---------------------------------
a--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
e-12-10-8-\7---------------------------------
b------------10-8-7-\5-----------------------
g----------------------7-5-4-\2--------------
d-------------------------------5-4-2-\o-----
a----------------------------------------3-2-
e--------------------------------------------
 
e--------------------------------------------o-------------7-------8-/10-12-
b----------------------------------------5---------7-/8-10---10-12----------
g--------------------------------4-/5-7---7---7-9---------------------------
d----------------o-----2-/4-5-7---------------------------------------------
a-o-2-3-2-o-/2-3---3-5------------------------------------------------------
e---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
e-13-12-10-\8--------------------------------------------
b-------------12-10-8-\7---------------------------------
g------------------------9-7-5-\4------------------------
d----------------------------------7-5-4-\3--------------
a-------------------------------------------5-3-2-\o-----
e----------------------------------------------------3-2-
 
e-------------------------------------------------------------------------------10-/12-14-
b-----------------------------------------------o------------7------8-/10-12-13-----------
g-------------------------------------------4---------5-/7-9---9-11-----------------------
d------------------------------2-----4-/5-7---7---7-9-------------------------------------
a-----------------o-----2-/3-5---5-7------------------------------------------------------
e-o-2-3-2-o-/2-3---3-5--------------------------------------------------------------------
 
e-15-14-12-\10--------------------------------------------
b--------------14-13-10-\8--------------------------------
g--------------------------11-9-7-\5----------------------

d------------------------------------9-7-5-\4-------------
a---------------------------------------------7-5-3-\2----
e-----------------------------------------------------5-3-
 
e------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b----------------------------------------o----------------8-------10-/12-13-15-
g-------------------------------------------------7-/9-11---11-12--------------
d-----------------------------4-----5-/7---7-9-10------------------------------
a----------------2-----3-/5-7---7-9--------------------------------------------
e-2-3-5-3-2-/3-5---5-7---------------------------------------------------------
 
e-12------------------------------------------------
b----15-13-12-\10-----------------------------------
g-----------------12-11-9-\7------------------------
d----------------------------10-9-7-\5--------------
a--------------------------------------9-7-5-\3-----
e-----------------------------------------------7-5-
 
e-------------------------------------------------------------
b----------------------------------------------------10-------
g-------------------------o-----------------9-/11-12----12-14-
d--------------------------------7-/9-10-12-------------------
a------------------5-/7-9---9-10------------------------------
e-3-5-7-5-3-/5-7-8--------------------------------------------
 
e------------------------------------------
b-12-\10-----------------------------------
g--------12-11-\9---------------------------
d-----------------12-10-9-\7---------------
a----------------------------10-9-7-\5-----
e--------------------------------------8-7-
 
e--------------------------------------------------------------------------
b-----------------------------------------------------------------12-------
g----------------------------o------------------9-------11-/12-14----14-16-
d----------------o---------------------9-/10-12---12-14--------------------
a-----------------------7-/9---9-10-12-------------------------------------
e-5-7-8-7-5-/7-8---8-10----------------------------------------------------
 
e---------------------------------------------
b-13-12---------------------------------------
g-------14-12-\11-----------------------------
d-----------------14-12-10-\9-----------------
a-----------------------------12-10-9-\7------
e----------------------------------------10-8-
 
e--------------------------------------------------o----------------
b-------------------------------------------------------------------
g----------------------------------------------------------11-------
d-----------------------------------9-------10-/12---12-14----14-16-
a------------------7-------9-/10-12---12-14-------------------------
e-7-8-10-8-7-/8-10---10-12-------------------------------------------
 
e----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b-----------------------------------------------------------------------o----------
g-12-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d----16-14-12-\10------------------------------------------------------------------
a------------------14-12-10-\9---------------------------9-------10-/12---12-14-15-
e------------------------------12-10--8-10-12-10-8-/10-12--12-14-------------------
 
e-----------------------------------------------------------
b-----------------------------------------------------------
g---------------------------------------------o-------------
d-12--------------------------------------------------------
a----15-14-12-/10-------------------------------------------
e-----------------14-12-10-12-14-12-10-/12-14---14-15-14-12-

 

 

dellitsiD elacS sseldnE s'kciD .rD

 

e-----------------------------------------------------------

b-----------------------------------------------------------

g-------------o---------------------------------------------

d--------------------------------------------------------12-

a-------------------------------------------10-\12-14-15----

e-12-14-15-14---14-12-\10-12-14-12-10-12-14-----------------

 

e----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

b----------o-----------------------------------------------------------------------

g-------------------------------------------------------------------------------12-

d------------------------------------------------------------------10-/12-14-16----

a-15-14-12---12-\10-------9---------------------------9-/10-12-14------------------

e-------------------14-12--12-10-\8-10-12-10-8--10-12------------------------------

 

e----------------o--------------------------------------------------

b-------------------------------------------------------------------

g-------11----------------------------------------------------------

d-16-14----14-12---12-\10-------9-----------------------------------

a-------------------------14-12---12-10-\9-------7------------------

e-------------------------------------------12-10---10-8-\7-8-10-8-7-

 

e---------------------------------------------

b---------------------------------------12-13-

g-----------------------------11-/12-14-------

d-----------------9-/10-12-14-----------------

a------7-/9-10-12-----------------------------

e-8-10----------------------------------------

 

e--------------------------------------------------------------------------

b-------12-----------------------------------------------------------------

g-16-14----14-12-\11-------9------------------o----------------------------

d--------------------14-12---12-10-\9---------------------o----------------

a-------------------------------------12-10-9---9-\7-----------------------

e----------------------------------------------------10-8---8-7-\5-7-8-7-5-

 

e------------------------------------------

b-----------------------------------10-/12-

g---------------------------9-/11-12--------

d---------------7-/9-10-12-----------------

a-----5-/7-9-10----------------------------

e-7-8--------------------------------------

 

e-------------------------------------------------------------

b-------10----------------------------------------------------

g-14-12----12-11-\9-----------------o-------------------------

d-------------------12-10-9-\7--------------------------------

a------------------------------10-9---9-7-\5------------------

e--------------------------------------------8-7-5-\3-5-7-5-3-

 

e------------------------------------------------12-

b-----------------------------------10-/12-13-15----

g------------------------7-/9-11-12-----------------

d--------------5-/7-9-10----------------------------

a-----3-/5-7-9--------------------------------------

e-5-7-----------------------------------------------

 

e------------------------------------------------------------------------------

b-15-13-12-\10-------8----------------o----------------------------------------

g--------------12-11---11-9-\7-------------------------------------------------

d------------------------------10-9-7---7-\5-----4-----------------------------

a--------------------------------------------9-7---7-5-\3-----2----------------

e---------------------------------------------------------7-5---5-3-\2-3-5-3-2-

 

e--------------------------------------------10-/12-14-15-

b--------------------------------8-/10-12-13--------------

g----------------------5-/7-9-11--------------------------

d-------------4-/5-7-9------------------------------------

a----2-/3-5-7---------------------------------------------

e-3-5-----------------------------------------------------

 

e-13-12-\10-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

b-----------13-12-10-\8------7------------o-----------------------------------------------

g-----------------------11-9---9-7-\5---------4-------------------------------------------

d-------------------------------------9-7---7---7-5-\4-----2------------------------------

a------------------------------------------------------7-5---5-3-\2-----o-----------------

e--------------------------------------------------------------------5-3---3-2-\o-2-3-2-o-

 

e--------------------------------------------8-/10-12-14-

b---------------------------------7-/8-10-12-------------

g------------------------4-/5-7-9------------------------

d--------------3-/4-5-7----------------------------------

a-----o-/2-3-5-------------------------------------------

e-2-3----------------------------------------------------

 

e-12-10-\8-------7-------------o--------------------------------------------

b----------12-10---10-8-\7---------5----------------------------------------

g---------------------------9-7---7---7-5-\4--------------------------------

d---------------------------------------------7-5-4-\2-----o----------------

a------------------------------------------------------5-3---3-2-\o-2-3-2-o-

e---------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

e---------------------------------7-/8-10-12-

b-----------------------5-/7-8-10------------

g--------------2-/4-5-7----------------------

d-----o-/2-4-5-------------------------------

a-2-3----------------------------------------

e--------------------------------------------

 

e-10-8-\7--------------------------------------------------------------------5-/7-8-10-

b----------10-8-7-\5-----3------------------------------------------3-/5-7-8-----------

g--------------------7-5---5-4-\2-----o--------------------o-/2-4-5--------------------

d---------------------------------5-4---4-2-\o-2-4-2-o-2-4-----------------------------

a--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

e--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

e-8-7-\5------------------------------------3-/5-7-8-7-5-\3-----2-----o----------------

b--------8-7-5-\3----1------------1-/3-5-7------------------7-5---5-3---3-\1-----o-----

g----------------5-4---4-2-\o-2-4--------------------------------------------4-2---2-o-

d--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

a--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

e--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

e------------2-/3-5-7-5-3-\2--------------o-/2-3-5-3-2-\o------------o-2-3-2-o-

b---o-/1-3-5-----------------5-3-1-\o-1-3------------------3-1-o-1-3-----------

g-2----------------------------------------------------------------------------

d------------------------------------------------------------------------------

a------------------------------------------------------------------------------

e------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 
 

Four Note Efficiency Scales

 

In the position shifting exercises, the scale that ended each section was fully shifted and three octaves. For example,

 

 

e-------------------------------------------------10-/12-14-15-

b-------------------------------------8-/10-12-13--------------

g---------------------------5-/7-9-11--------------------------

d------------------4-/5-7-9------------------------------------

a---------2-/3-5-7---------------------------------------------

e-o-2-3-5------------------------------------------------------

 

e-15-14-12-\10-------------------------------------------------

b--------------13-12-10-\8-------------------------------------

g--------------------------11-9-7-\5---------------------------

d------------------------------------9-7-5-\4------------------

a---------------------------------------------7-5-3-\2---------

e------------------------------------------------------5-3-2-o-

 

This scale is extremely powerful because of its three octave range, and also because it contains the same number of notes on each string. As seen with the three note efficiency scales, a consistent number of notes reduces the amount of brain power necessary to calculate changing picking patterns.

 

The next four-note three-octave scale starting in the Locrean position is

 

e-----------------------------------------------------12-/14-15-17-

b----------------------------------------10-/12-13-15--------------

g-----------------------------7-/9-11-12---------------------------

d-------------------5-/7-9-10--------------------------------------

a----------3-/5-7-9------------------------------------------------

e-2-/3-5-7---------------------------------------------------------

 

e-17-15-14-\12----------------------------------------------------

b--------------15-13-12-\10---------------------------------------

g---------------------------12-11-9-\7-----------------------------

d--------------------------------------10-9-7-\5-------------------

a------------------------------------------------9-7-5-\3----------

e---------------------------------------------------------7-5-3-\2-

 

In the previous exercise, these scales were truncated to eliminate redundant patterns, but or the efficiency scales continue them to their extreme.

 

e---------------------------------------------------------14-/15-17-19-

b--------------------------------------------12-/13-15-17--------------

g--------------------------------9-/11-12-14---------------------------

d---------------------7-/9-10-12---------------------------------------

a----------5-/7-9-10---------------------------------------------------

e-3-/5-7-8-------------------------------------------------------------

 

e-19-17-15-\14--------------------------------------------------------

b--------------17-15-13-\12-------------------------------------------

g---------------------------14-12-11-\9-------------------------------

d---------------------------------------12-10-9-\7--------------------

a--------------------------------------------------10-9-7-\5----------

e------------------------------------------------------------8-7-5-\3-

 

The following are not possible to play as is because of the extended neck position, but their patterns are included here for transposition purposes.

 

e------------------------------------------------------------15-/17-19-21-

b-----------------------------------------------13-/15-17-18--------------

g----------------------------------11-/12-14-16---------------------------

d----------------------9-/10-12-14----------------------------------------

a-----------7-/9-10-12----------------------------------------------------

e-5-/7-8-10---------------------------------------------------------------

 

e-21-19-17-\15------------------------------------------------------------

b--------------18-17-15-\13-----------------------------------------------

g---------------------------15-14-12-\11----------------------------------

d----------------------------------------14-12-10-\9----------------------

a----------------------------------------------------12-10-9-\7-----------

e---------------------------------------------------------------10-8-7-\5-

 

e--------------------------------------------------------------17-/19-20-22-

b-------------------------------------------------15-/17-19-20--------------

g-------------------------------------12-/14-16-17--------------------------

d------------------------10-/12-14-16---------------------------------------

a------------9-/10-12-14----------------------------------------------------

e-7-/8-10-12----------------------------------------------------------------

 

e-22-20-19-\17--------------------------------------------------------------

b--------------20-19-17-\15-------------------------------------------------

g---------------------------17-16-14-\12------------------------------------

d---------------------------------------16-14-12-\10------------------------

a----------------------------------------------------14-12-10-\9------------

e----------------------------------------------------------------12-10-8-\7-

 

e----------------------------------------------------------------19-/20-22-24-

b---------------------------------------------------17-/19-20-22--------------

g--------------------------------------14-/16-17-19---------------------------

d--------------------------12-14-16-17----------------------------------------

a-------------10-/12-14-15----------------------------------------------------

e-8-/10-12-14-----------------------------------------------------------------

 

e-24-22-20-\19----------------------------------------------------------------

b--------------22-20-19-\17---------------------------------------------------

g---------------------------19-17-16-\14--------------------------------------

d----------------------------------------17-16-14-12--------------------------

a----------------------------------------------------15-14-12-\10-------------

e-----------------------------------------------------------------14-12-10-\8-

 

 

e-----------------------------------------------------------------20-/22-24-26-

b----------------------------------------------------19-/20-22-24--------------

g---------------------------------------16-/17-19-21---------------------------

d--------------------------14-/16-17-19----------------------------------------

a--------------12-14-15-17-----------------------------------------------------

e-10-/12-14-15-----------------------------------------------------------------

 

e-26-24-22-\20-----------------------------------------------------------------

b--------------24-22-20-\19----------------------------------------------------

g---------------------------21-19-17-\16---------------------------------------

d----------------------------------------19-17-16-\14--------------------------

a-----------------------------------------------------17-15-14-12--------------

e-----------------------------------------------------------------15-14-12-\10-

 

e------------------------------------------------------------------22-/24-26-27-

b-----------------------------------------------------20-/22-24-25--------------

g----------------------------------------17-/19-21-23---------------------------

d---------------------------16-/17-19-21----------------------------------------

a--------------14-/15-17-19-----------------------------------------------------

e-12-/14-15-17------------------------------------------------------------------

 

e-27-26-24-\22------------------------------------------------------------------

b--------------25-24-22-\20-----------------------------------------------------

g---------------------------23-21-19-\17----------------------------------------

d----------------------------------------21-19-17-\16---------------------------

a-----------------------------------------------------19-17-15-\14--------------

e------------------------------------------------------------------17-15-14-\12-

 

Other four note efficiency patterns do not contain some strings, but are still useful

 

e-o-/2-3-5-5-3-2-\o----------2-/3-5-7-7-5-3-\2-----------

b-------------------o-/1-3-5--------------------5-3-1-\o-

g---------------------------------------------------------

d---------------------------------------------------------

a---------------------------------------------------------

e---------------------------------------------------------

 

e------------------5-/7-8-10-10-8-7-\5------------------

b---------3-/5-7-8---------------------8-7-5-\3---------

g-o-2-4-5---------------------------------------5-4-2-o-

d-------------------------------------------------------

a-------------------------------------------------------

e-------------------------------------------------------

 

e----------------------------7-/8-10-12-12-10-8-\7----------------------------

b------------------5-/7-8-10-----------------------10-8-7-\5------------------

g---------2-/4-5-7-------------------------------------------7-5-4-\2---------

d-o-2-4-5-------------------------------------------------------------5-4-2-o-

a-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

e-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

e--------------------------------------8-/10-12-14-

b---------------------------7-/8-10-12-------------

g------------------4-/5-7-9------------------------

d---------2-/4-5-7---------------------------------

a-o-2-3-5------------------------------------------

e--------------------------------------------------

 

The moveable versions of these scales can slide into any key, and these scales can append to any of the scales in other keys using the shifts in the "Scales in Other Keys" document.

 

For a summary, both ascending and descending, see the document, "Four Note Efficiency Scales in G."

 

Shifts on Other Fingers

 

Typically first finger is shifted, but any finger may be the basis for the shift. With fourth finger shifts, the note pattern remains the same, but the shift occurs at the end of the string group rather than the beginning. Shown here are in Locrean starting point, efficiency style, but patterns are similar for other scales.

 

e-----------------------------------------------------12-14-15-/17-

b----------------------------------------10-12-13-15--------------

g-----------------------------7-9-11-/12---------------------------

d-------------------5-7-9-/10--------------------------------------

a----------3-5-7-/9------------------------------------------------

e-2-3-5-/7---------------------------------------------------------

 

e-17-\15-14-12----------------------------------------------------

b--------------15-\13-12-10---------------------------------------

g---------------------------12-\11-9-7-----------------------------

d--------------------------------------10-\9-7-5-------------------

a------------------------------------------------9-\7-5-3----------

e---------------------------------------------------------7-\5-3-2-

 

Shifting off the second or third finger is possible, but often leads to awkward fingerings.

 

e-----------------------------------------------------12-14-/15-17-

b----------------------------------------10-12-/13-15--------------

g-----------------------------7-9-/11-12---------------------------

d-------------------5-7-/9-10--------------------------------------

a----------3-5-/7-9------------------------------------------------

e-2-3-/5-7---------------------------------------------------------

 

e-17-15-\14-12----------------------------------------------------

b--------------15-13-\12-10---------------------------------------

g---------------------------12-11-\9-7-----------------------------

d--------------------------------------10-9-\7-5-------------------

a------------------------------------------------9-7-\5-3----------

e---------------------------------------------------------7-5-\3-2-

 

Finally, multiple shifts on one string lead to even more vertical movement, topping out on this monster of a four-octave scale fully playable only on an extended neck. On each string, the first shift uses the first finger and the second shift uses the fourth finger.

 

e---------------------------------------------------------------------------19-/20-22-24-/26---

b----------------------------------------------------------15-/17-19-20-/22--------------------

g-----------------------------------------11-/12-14-16-/17-------------------------------------

d--------------------------7-/9-10-12-/14------------------------------------------------------

a-------------3-/5-7-9-/10---------------------------------------------------------------------

e-o-/2-3-5-/7----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

e---26-\24-22-20-\19---------------------------------------------------------------------------

b--------------------22-\20-19-17-\15----------------------------------------------------------

g-------------------------------------17-\16-14-12-\11-----------------------------------------

d-------------------------------------------------------14-\12-10-9e7--------------------------

a---------------------------------------------------------------------10-\9-7-5-\3-------------

e----------------------------------------------------------------------------------7-\5-3-2-\o-

Symmetrical Scales

All the scales so far base off the Greek modes and alterations. Some scales base off symmetrical patterns. The first is the chromatic scale that started the process. But others exist.

Whole Tone

The whole tone scale is just a series of six whole steps. Since a whole tone scale transposed up a step is the same scale, only two unique whole tone patterns exists, with any of the notes having the possibility of being a root tone.

 


Full Pattern #1

 

e-0-2-4-6-8-10-

b-1-3-5-7-9-11-

g-1-3-5-7-9-11-

d-0-2-4-6-8-10-

a-1-3-5-7-9-11-

e-0-2-4-6-8-10-

 

Full Pattern #2

 

e-1-3-5-7-9-11-

b-0-2-4-6-8-10-

g-0-2-4-6-8-10-

d-1-3-5-7-9-11-

a-0-2-4-6-8-10-

e-1-3-5-7-9-11-

 

Open Position #1

 

e--------------------------0-2-4-

b----------------------1-3-------

g-----------------1-3------------

d-----------0-2-4----------------

a-------1-3----------------------

e-0-2-4--------------------------

 

Open Position #2

 

e-------------------------1-3-

b-------------------0-2-------
g---------------0-2-----------

d-----------1-3---------------

a-----0-2-4-------------------

e-1-3-------------------------


 

Vertical Whole Tone Scales

o

 

o

 

 

o

 

 

o

 

o

o

 

 

1

 

1

1

 

 

1

 

1

 

 

1

2

 

2

 

 

2

 

 

2

 

2

2

 

 

3

 

3

3

 

 

3

 

3

 

 

3

4

 

4

 

 

4

 

 

4

 

4

4

 

 

5

 

5

5

 

 

5

 

5

 

 

5

6

 

6

 

 

6

 

6

 

6

6

 

 

7

 

7

7

 

 

7

 

7

 

 

7

8

 

8

 

 

8

 

 

8

 

8

8

 

 

9

 

9

9

 

 

9

 

9

 

 

9

10

 

10

 

 

10

 

 

10

 

10

10

 

 

11

 

11

11

 

 

11

 

11

 

 

11

12

 

12

 

 

12

 

 

12

 

12

12

 

 

13

 

13

13

 

 

13

 

13

 

 

13

14

 

14

 

 

14

 

 

14

 

14

14

 

 

15

 

15

15

 

 

15

 

15

 

 

15

16

 

16

 

 

16

 

 

16

 

16

16

 

 

17

 

17

17

 

 

17

 

17

 

 

17

18

 

18

 

 

18

 

 

18

 

18

18

 

 

19

 

19

19

 

 

19

 

19

 

 

19

20

 

20

 

 

20

 

 

20

 

20

20

 

 

For vertical versions in all 12 keys (just variations on these 3 patterns with new roots) see Vertical Scale Whole Tone.

Moveable

 

e-------------------------3-5-7-

b---------------------4-6-------

g-----------------4-6-----------

d-----------3-5-7---------------

a-------4-6---------------------

e-3-5-7-------------------------

 

Efficiency Style 3 Octave

 

e----------------------------------9-11-13-

b--------------------------8-10-12---------

g-------------------6-8-10-----------------

d-------------5-7-9------------------------

a-------4-6-8------------------------------

e-3-5-7------------------------------------

 

Two Finger Efficiency Style

 

e---------------------1-3-

b-----------------2-4-----

g-------------2-4---------

d---------3-5-------------

a-----4-6-----------------

e-5-7---------------------

 

Whole tone scales are useful for improvising over an augmented chord, or for simply a floating effect.

Octatonic Scale

The Octatonic scale alternates whole and half steps into an eight-note pattern. Octatonic scales sound interesting on their own or as a scale over a fully diminished seventh chord. Like the whole tone scale, only a limited number of unique scales exist. The three unique versions of the octatonic scale are

 

Octatonic Full Pattern #1

 

e-0-1-3-4-6-7-9--10-

b-0-2-3-5-6-8-9--10-

g-0-1-3-4-6-7-9--10-

d-0-2-3-5-6-8-9--10-

a-1-2-4-5-7-8-10-11-

e-0-1-3-4-6-7-9--10-

 

Octatonic Full Pattern #2

 

e-1-2-4-5-7-8-10-11-

b-0-1-3-4-6-7-9--10-

g-1-2-4-5-7-8-10-11-

d-0-1-3-4-6-7-9--10-

a-0-2-3-5-6-8-9--10-

e-1-2-4-5-7-8-10-11-

 

Octatonic Full Pattern #3

 

e-0-2-3-5-6-8-9--11-

b-1-2-4-5-7-8-10-11-

g-0-2-3-5-6-8-9--10-

d-1-2-4-5-7-8-10-11-

a-0-1-3-4-6-7-9--10-

e-0-2-3-5-6-8-9--10-

 

Vertical Versions

 

o

 

o

o

o

o

o

o

 

o

 

o

 

o

o

 

o

 

1

1

 

1

 

1

 

1

1

 

1

 

1

 

1

1

1

1

 

2

2

 

2

 

2

 

2

2

2

2

2

2

 

2

 

2

3

 

3

3

3

3

3

3

 

3

 

3

 

3

3

 

3

 

4

4

 

4

 

4

 

4

4

 

4

 

4

 

4

4

4

4

 

5

5

 

5

 

5

 

5

5

5

5

5

5

 

5

 

5

6

 

6

6

6

6

6

6

 

6

 

6

 

6

6

 

6

 

7

7

 

7

 

7

 

7

7

 

7

 

7

 

7

7

7

7

 

8

8

 

8

 

8

 

8

8

8

8

8

8

 

8

 

8

9

 

9

9

9

9

9

9

 

9

 

9

 

9

9

 

9

 

10

10

 

10

 

10

 

10

10

 

10

 

10

 

10

10

10

10

 

11

11

 

11

 

11

 

11

11

11

11

11

11

 

11

 

11

12

 

12

12

12

12

12

12

 

12

 

12

 

12

12

 

12

 

13

13

 

13

 

13

 

13

13

 

13

 

13

 

13

13

13

13

 

14

14

 

14

 

14

 

14

14

14

14

14

14

 

14

 

14

15

 

15

15

15

15

15

15

 

15

 

15

 

15

15

 

15

 

16

16

 

16

 

16

 

16

16

 

16

 

16

 

16

16

16

16

 

17

17

 

17

 

17

 

17

17

17

17

17

17

 

17

 

17

18

 

18

18

18

18

18

18

 

18

 

18

 

18

18

 

18

 

 

 

For vertical versions in all 12 keys (just variations on these 3 patterns with new roots) see Vertical Scale Octatonic.

 

Octatonic Open Position #1

 

e---------------------------------0-1-3-4-

b---------------------------0-2-3---------

g---------------------0-1-3---------------

d---------------0-2-3---------------------

a---------1-2-4---------------------------

e-0-1-3-4---------------------------------

 

Octatonic Open Position #2

 

e---------------------------------1-2-4-

b-------------------------0-1-3-4-------

g---------------------1-2---------------

d-------------0-1-3-4-------------------

a-------0-2-3---------------------------

e-1-2-4---------------------------------

 

Octatonic Open Position #3

 

e---------------------------------0-2-3-

b---------------------------1-2-4-------

g---------------------0-2-3-------------

d---------------1-2-4-------------------

a-------0-1-3-4-------------------------

e-0-2-3---------------------------------

 

Octatonic Moveable #1

 

e-----------------------------------2-3-5-

b-----------------------------2-4-5-------

g---------------------2-3-5-6-------------

d---------------2-4-5---------------------

a---------3-4-6---------------------------

e-2-3-5-6---------------------------------

 

Octatonic Moveable #2

 

e----------------------------------2-4-5-

b----------------------------3-4-6-------

g----------------------2-4-5-------------

d---------------3-4-6--------------------

a-------2-3-5-6--------------------------

e-2-4-5----------------------------------

 

(Octatonic Moveable #3 would be redundant.)

 

Octatonic Efficiency Style

 

e----------------------------------------------8-9-11-12-

b------------------------------------7-8-10-11-----------

g-------------------------5-6-8-9-10---------------------

d-----------------4-5-7-8--------------------------------

a---------3-4-6-7----------------------------------------

e-2-3-5-6------------------------------------------------

Parallel Scales

The modal scales so far have all been in context, with all notes being the same. G Ionian, A Dorian, B Phrygian, C Lydian, D Mixolydian, E Aeolian, and F# Locrean are just the same seven notes in different orders. But removing the context and transposing all the scales to the same note is a useful exercise. These are the parallel modes, shown here in G. These are the actual modal scales, and not just the position of the scales used as a learning aid before.

 

Parallel Moveable Mode Scales in G

 

G Ionian (Major)

 

e-----------------------------3-5-7-

b-----------------------3-5-7-------

g-------------------4-5-------------

d-------------4-5-7-----------------

a-------3-5-7-----------------------

e-3-5-7-----------------------------

 

e-7-5-3-----------------------------

b-------7-5-3-----------------------

g-------------5-4-------------------

d-----------------7-5-4-------------

a-----------------------7-5-3-------

e-----------------------------7-5-3-

 

G Dorian

 

e-----------------------------3-5-6-

b-----------------------3-5-6-------

g-------------------3-5-------------

d-------------3-5-7-----------------

a-------3-5-7-----------------------

e-3-5-6-----------------------------

 

e-6-5-3-----------------------------

b-------6-5-3-----------------------

g-------------5-3-------------------

d-----------------7-5-3-------------

a-----------------------7-5-3-------

e-----------------------------6-5-3-

 

G Phrygian

 

e-----------------------------3-4-6-

b-----------------------3-4-6-------

g-------------------3-5-------------

d-------------3-5-6-----------------

a-------3-5-6-----------------------

e-3-4-6-----------------------------

 

e-6-4-3-----------------------------

b-------6-4-3-----------------------

g-------------5-3-------------------

d-----------------6-5-3-------------

a-----------------------6-5-3-------

e-----------------------------6-4-3-

 

G Lydian

 

e-----------------------------3-5-7-

b-----------------------3-5-7-------

g-------------------4-6-------------

d-------------4-5-7-----------------

a-------4-5-7-----------------------

e-3-5-7-----------------------------

 

e-7-5-3-----------------------------

b-------7-5-3-----------------------

g-------------6-4-------------------

d-----------------7-5-4-------------

a-----------------------7-5-4-------

e-----------------------------7-5-3-

 

G Mixolydian

 

e-----------------------------3-5-7-

b-----------------------3-5-6-------

g-------------------4-5-------------

d-------------3-5-7-----------------

a-------3-5-7-----------------------

e-3-5-7-----------------------------

 

e-7-5-3-----------------------------

b-------6-5-3-----------------------

g-------------5-4-------------------

d-----------------7-5-3-------------

a-----------------------7-5-3-------

e-----------------------------7-5-3-

 

G Aolean (Minor)

 

e-----------------------------3-5-6-

b-----------------------3-4-6-------

g-------------------3-5-------------

d-------------3-5-7-----------------

a-------3-5-6-----------------------

e-3-5-6-----------------------------

 

e-6-5-3-----------------------------

b-------6-4-3-----------------------

g-------------5-3-------------------

d-----------------7-5-3-------------

a-----------------------6-5-3-------

e-----------------------------6-5-3-

 

G Locrean

 

e-----------------------------3-4-6-

b-------------------------4-6-------

g-------------------3-5-6-----------

d-------------3-5-6-----------------

a-------3-4-6-----------------------

e-3-4-6-----------------------------

 

e-6-4-3-----------------------------

b-------6-4-------------------------

g-----------6-5-3-------------------

d-----------------6-5-3-------------

a-----------------------6-4-3-------

e-----------------------------6-4-3-

 

Modal Equivalents Based on Harmonic Minor

The harmonic minor scale raised the seventh degree of the minor (Aeolian) mode. Building the equivalent of modal scales on each of the scales on each of the degrees of the harmonic minor scale yields the following scales. (See the music theory document for why the scales have their labels.)

 

G Ionian #5

 

e-----------------------------3-5-7-

b-----------------------4-5-7-------

g-------------------4-5-------------

d-------------4-5-7-----------------

a-------3-6-7-----------------------

e-3-5-7-----------------------------

 

e-7-5-3-----------------------------

b-------7-5-4-----------------------

g-------------5-4-------------------

d-----------------7-5-4-------------

a-----------------------7-6-3-------

e-----------------------------7-5-3-

 

G Dorian #4

 

e------------------------------3-5-6-

b------------------------3-5-6-------

g-------------------3-6--------------

d-------------3-5-7------------------

a-------4-5-7------------------------

e-3-5-6------------------------------

 

e-6-5-3------------------------------

b-------6-5-3------------------------

g--------------6-3-------------------

d------------------7-5-3-------------

a------------------------7-5-4-------

e------------------------------6-5-3-

 

G Phrygian3

 

e-----------------------------3-4-7-

b-----------------------3-4-6-------

g-------------------4-5-------------

d-------------3-5-6-----------------

a-------3-5-6-----------------------

e-3-4-7-----------------------------

 

e-7-4-3-----------------------------

b-------6-4-3-----------------------

g-------------5-4-------------------

d-----------------6-5-3-------------

a-----------------------6-5-3-------

e-----------------------------7-4-3-

 

G Lydian #2

 

e-----------------------------3-6-7-

b-----------------------3-5-7-------

g-----------------3-4-6-------------

d-------------4-5-------------------

a-------4-5-7-----------------------

e-3-6-7-----------------------------

 

e-7-6-3-----------------------------

b-------7-5-3-----------------------

g-------------6-4-3-----------------

d-------------------5-4-------------

a-----------------------7-5-4-------

e-----------------------------7-6-3-

 

G Diminished Scale

 

e-----------------------------3-4-6-

b-----------------------2-4-5-------

g-------------------3-4-------------

d-------------2-5-6-----------------

a-------2-4-6-----------------------

e-3-4-6-----------------------------

 

e-6-4-3-----------------------------

b-------5-4-2-----------------------

g-------------4-3-------------------

d-----------------6-5-2-------------

a-----------------------6-4-2-------

e-----------------------------6-4-3-

 

G Harmonic Minor

 

e-----------------------------3-5-6-

b-----------------------3-4-7-------

g-------------------3-5-------------

d-------------4-5-7-----------------

a-------3-5-6-----------------------

e-3-5-6-----------------------------

 

e-6-5-3-----------------------------

b-------7-4-3-----------------------

g-------------5-3-------------------

d-----------------7-5-4-------------

a-----------------------6-5-3-------

e-----------------------------6-5-3-

 

G Locrean b7

 

e-----------------------------3-4-6-

b-------------------------5-6-------

g-------------------3-5-6-----------

d-------------3-5-6-----------------

a-------3-4-6-----------------------

e-3-4-6-----------------------------

 

e-6-4-3-----------------------------

b-------6-5-------------------------

g-----------6-5-3-------------------

d-----------------6-5-3-------------

a-----------------------6-4-3-------

e-----------------------------6-4-3-

Modal Equivalents Based on Melodic Minor Ascending

The melodic minor scale raises the sixth and seventh scale degrees, leading to the following modal equivalents.

 

G Ionian #5 #4 Ascending

 

e-----------------------------3-5-7-

b-----------------------4-5-7-------

g-------------------4-6-------------

d-------------4-5-7-----------------

a-------4-6-7-----------------------

e-3-5-7-----------------------------

 

e-7-5-3-----------------------------

b-------7-5-3-----------------------

g-------------5-4-------------------

d-----------------7-5-4-------------

a-----------------------7-5-3-------

e-----------------------------7-5-3-

 

G Dorian #43 Ascending

 

e-----------------------------3-5-7-

b-----------------------3-5-6-------

g-------------------4-6-------------

d-------------3-5-7-----------------

a-------4-5-7-----------------------

e-3-5-7-----------------------------

 

e-6-5-3-----------------------------

b-------6-5-3-----------------------

g-------------5-3-------------------

d-----------------7-5-3-------------

a-----------------------7-5-3-------

e-----------------------------6-5-3-

 

G Phrygian 3#2 Ascending

 

e-----------------------------3-5-7-

b-----------------------3-4-6-------

g-------------------4-5-------------

d-------------3-5-7-----------------

a-------3-5-6-----------------------

e-3-5-7-----------------------------

 

e-6-4-3-----------------------------

b-------6-4-3-----------------------

g-------------5-3-------------------

d-----------------6-5-3-------------

a-----------------------6-5-3-------

e-----------------------------6-4-3-

 

G Half Diminished 4 Ascending Scale

 

e-----------------------------3-5-6-

b-----------------------2-4-6-------

g-------------------3-5-------------

d-------------3-5-7-----------------

a-------3-4-6-----------------------

e-3-5-6-----------------------------

 

e-6-4-2-----------------------------

b-------6-4-2-----------------------

g-------------5-3-------------------

d-----------------6-4-3-------------

a-----------------------6-4-3-------

e-----------------------------6-4-2-

 

G Half Diminished Ascending Scale

 

e------------------------------3-4-6-

b------------------------2-4-6-------

g--------------------3-4-------------

d--------------3-5-6-----------------

a-------2-4-6------------------------

e-3-4-6------------------------------

 

e-6-4-2------------------------------

b-------5-4-2------------------------

g--------------4-3-------------------

d------------------6-4-2-------------

a------------------------6-4-2-------

e------------------------------6-4-2-

 

G Melodic Minor

 

e-----------------------------3-5-6-

b-----------------------3-5-7-------

g-------------------3-5-------------

d-------------4-5-7-----------------

a-------3-5-7-----------------------

e-3-5-6-----------------------------

 

e-6-5-3-----------------------------

b-------6-4-------------------------

g-----------7-5-3-------------------

d-----------------7-5-3-------------

a-----------------------6-5-3-------

e-----------------------------6-5-3-

 

Locrean b7#5 Ascending

 

e-----------------------------3-4-6-

b-----------------------3-5-6-------

g-------------------3-5-------------

d-------------3-5-6-----------------

a-------3-5-7-----------------------

e-3-4-6-----------------------------

 

e-6-4-3-----------------------------

b-------6-4-------------------------

g-----------6-5-3-------------------

d-----------------6-5-3-------------

a-----------------------6-4-3-------

e-----------------------------6-4-3-

Borrowed Notes

These parallel modal scales are useful not only for solos over the chords that lie underneath them, but also as a source for alternate notes to the traditional scales. For example, many guitar players use the parallel Dorian mode over a major scale to take advantage of the color of the lowered third and seventh. These altered notes can substitute for the original scale degree, or just add to the scale.

Chromatic Passing Tones

One problem with the seven note scale is that music tends to divide down into even numbered divisions. Groups of 4 and 7 do not line up in a satisfying manner. To make the scale line up into an even number, add a chromatic tone to the scale. One common use of a chromatic passing to is adding a lowered seventh to the major scale.

 

e---------------------------o-1-2-3-

b---------------------o-1-3---------

g-----------------o-2---------------

d---------o-2-3-4-------------------

a---o-2-3---------------------------

e-3---------------------------------

 

e-3-2-1-o---------------------------

b---------3-1-o---------------------

g---------------2-o-----------------

d-------------------4-3-2-o---------

a---------------------------3-2-o---

e---------------------------------3-

 

Another common addition is a raised seventh added to a minor scale.

 

e---------------------------------o-

b-------------------------o-1-3-4---

g---------------------o-2-----------

d-------------o-1-2-4---------------

a-------o-2-3-----------------------

e-o-2-3-----------------------------

 

e-o---------------------------------

b---4-3-1-o-------------------------

g-----------2-o---------------------

d---------------4-2-1-o-------------

a-----------------------3-2-o-------

e-----------------------------3-2-o-

 

Additions may occur anywhere, but another common addition is between the fourth and fifth scale degrees both in major or minor.

 

e---------------------------o-1-2-3---

b---------------------o-1-2-3---------

g-----------------o-2-----------------

d---------o-2-3-4---------------------

a---o-2-3-4---------------------------

e-3-----------------------------------

 

e-3-2-1-o-----------------------------

b---------3-2-1-o---------------------

g---------------2-o-------------------

d-------------------4-3-2-o-----------

a--------------------------4-3-2-o----

e---------------------------------3---

 

Minor with an added raised fourth

 

e-------------------------------------o-

b-----------------------------o-1-3-4---

g-----------------------o-2-3-----------

d---------------o-1-2-4-----------------

a-------o-1-2-3-------------------------

e-o-2-3---------------------------------

 

e-o-------------------------------------

b---4-3-1-o-----------------------------

g-----------3-2-o-----------------------

d-----------------4-2-1-o---------------

a-------------------------3-2-1-o-------

e---------------------------------3-2-o-

 

Efficiency Additions

 

These additions can also convert a fixed scale into a scale appropriate for efficiency style picking. For example, G in the Ionian Position with an added raised fourth on the G string becomes

 

e-------------------------------3-5-7-

b-------------------------3-5-7-------

g-------------------4-5-6-------------

d-------------4-5-7-------------------

a-------3-5-7-------------------------

e-3-5-7-------------------------------

 

e-7-5-3-------------------------------

b-------7-5-3-------------------------

g-------------6-5-4-------------------

d-------------------7-5-4-------------

a-------------------------7-5-3-------

e-------------------------------7-5-3-

 

Efficiency additions continue to the other positions.

 

Dorian Position With an Added Chromatic Tone

 

e-------------------------------5-7-8-

b-------------------------5-7-8-------

g-------------------5-6-7-------------

d-------------5-7-9-------------------

a-------5-7-9-------------------------

e-5-7-8-------------------------------

 

e-8-7-5-------------------------------

b-------8-7-5-------------------------

g-------------7-6-5-------------------

d-------------------9-7-5-------------

a-------------------------9-7-5-------

e-------------------------------8-7-5-

 

Phrygian Position With an Added Chromatic Tone

 

e-----------------------------------7-8-10-

b----------------------------7-8-10--------

g----------------------7-8-9---------------

d---------------7-9-10---------------------

a--------7-9-10----------------------------

e-7-8-10-----------------------------------

 

e-10-8-7-----------------------------------

b--------10-8-7----------------------------

g---------------9-8-7----------------------

d---------------------10-9-7---------------

a----------------------------10-9-7--------

e-----------------------------------10-8-7-

 

Lydian Position With an Added Chromatic Tone

 

e-----------------------------------------8-10-12-

b---------------------------------8-10-12---------

g-------------------------9-10-11-----------------

d-----------------9-10-12-------------------------

a---------9-10-12---------------------------------

e-8-10-12-----------------------------------------

 

e-12-10-8-----------------------------------------

b---------12-10-8---------------------------------

g-----------------11-10-9-------------------------

d-------------------------12-10-9-----------------

a---------------------------------12-10-9---------

e-----------------------------------------12-10-8-

 

Mixolydian Position With an Added Chromatic Tone

 

e----------------------------------------------10-12-14-

b-------------------------------------10-12-13----------

g----------------------------10-11-12-------------------

d-------------------10-12-14----------------------------

a----------10-12-14-------------------------------------

e-10-12-14----------------------------------------------

 

e-14-12-10----------------------------------------------

b----------13-12-10-------------------------------------

g-------------------12-11-10----------------------------

d----------------------------14-12-10-------------------

a-------------------------------------14-12-10----------

e----------------------------------------------14-12-10-

 

Locrean Position With an Added Chromatic Tone

 

e-------------------------------2-3-5-

b-------------------------3-4-5-------

g-------------------2-4-5-------------

d-------------2-4-5-------------------

a-------2-3-5-------------------------

e-2-3-5-------------------------------

 

e-5-3-2-------------------------------

b-------5-4-3-------------------------

g-------------5-4-2-------------------

d-------------------5-4-2-------------

a-------------------------5-3-2-------

e-------------------------------5-3-2-

Other Scales

The scales listed so far have grown organically from typical playing, but other scales also exist. Avant Garde artists like Frank Zappa invented their own scales and patterns. Computer generated combinatorics can produce a list of all possible scales within given parameters.

 

The document, "All Possible Scales in a Fixed Position" is a list of the 3,302 scales possible from one set of chromatic notes up the fretboard two octaves. This list is devoid of musical context, so my be more useful just as an intellectual exercise or as sight reading than any practical purpose. The list contains 3302 open position scales, and then the same scales in a moveable form in the first position. All the single position patterns shown so far are in the list somewhere, but without musical context, picking out useful scales would be difficult. The last also does not contain alternate fingerings or shifts to other positions as found in the manually constructed lists. The list could continue up the fretboard, but the scales up the fretboard would just be shifted versions of the same 3302 patterns. If they were continued up the fretboard to one full octave above, 42,926 different scales are possible, not counting shifts and alternate fingerings. Continuing up a full 24 fret fretboard would yield 66,040 scales, plus their shifts and alternate fingerings.

 

Another possible set of scales would be unbalanced scales, with different notes in different octaves. For example, play a major scale in the lower octave and then a minor scale in the next octave. Any of the 3302 patterns could combine with themselves for 10,903,204 possible combinations for just one position or 218,064,080 combinations up the fretboard. All the possible combinations of three octave scales would be 36,002,379,608 for a single shift set or 252,016,657,256 up the fretboard. Since an extended neck on the guitar can handle one four octave pattern, the number of scale combinations in a four octave shift would be 118,879,857,465,616, so get practicing if you want to learn them all.

Scales Conclusion

 

Anyone who has learned all the naturally occurring scales in all the positions in all the keys has an amazing amount of knowledge under their fingertips. The truth is that very few people would have the ability or the desire to learn them all. And learning patterns is not the end goal anyway. Music that just runs through scales becomes boring quickly. Instead, practice the scales so that whatever music happens in the mind is already in the muscle memory. If the fingers can do any pattern, then anything the mind thinks or the ear hears has a place to express itself.

 

After learning the basic scales, move on to the Scale Weaves and Arpeggios section.


© Copyright 2017 aand continuing Richard Repp All Rights Reserved Pattern Obsession HomeTake lessons from Richard ReppEmail patternobsession@richardrepp.com
User Supported